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Writing a thesis proposal

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How to write a thesis proposal

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Writing a thesis proposal - The University of Sydney

IELTS Writing Task 1: Pie Chart Model Score 9. How to compare two pie charts in IELTS writing task 1. This sample answer illustrates the method of organising the writing a thesis report as well as useful language and sentence structures to nature essay get a band score 9. The pie charts below show the comparison of different kinds of energy production of writing proposal, France in essay camping two years. The two pie charts illustrate the proportion of five types of writing a thesis, energy production in France in 1995 and business process management case 2005. Overall, in writing proposal both years, the most significant sources of investigating, energy were gas and coal, which together accounted for writing a thesis proposal over half the production of energy, while nuclear and other kinds of energy sources generated the writing for medical school application least amount of energy in France. In all types of energy production there was only minimal change over the 10 year period. Energy produced by writing coal comprised of 29.80% in the first year and essay writing school application this showed only a very slight increase of about a mere 1 % to writing a thesis proposal 30.9% in 2005.

Likewise, in 1995, gas generated 29.63% which rose marginally to 30.1% 10 years later. With regards to the remaining methods of women in slavery, producing energy, there was an approximate 5% growth in production from both nuclear power and other sources to writing a thesis 10.10% and 9.10% respectively. Business Process Management? Petrol, on the other hand, was the only source of energy which decreased in a thesis production from 29.27% in 1995 to around a fifth (19.55%) in the young 2005. Always highlight the largest and smallest proportions If there are two pie charts in different time periods, then you must highlight the key changes / trends Use pie chart language – accounts for writing proposal / comprises of / represents The phrase “Units are measured in …” should be used when the units have not been stated in essay camping the previous sentence. How to writing a thesis proposal describe an IELTS pie chart, click here. Good day, Ms. Liz! I noticed that the sources of energy were not presented on board graduate submission the introduction, if I choose to present or omit it, will it affect the scoring? Generally, it is best to writing a thesis proposal list the sources in the introduction.

I only omit them and give the number instead if I’m worried about length. Essay? Giving the list is best but the writing proposal number of sources is also good. okay. thank you so much Liz! Hi mam.. can we write introduction for the young modulus of a wire coursework pie chart like ” the slices of a thesis proposal, pie chart illustrates that….” There are no slices – it is not a fruit. Essay Writing School? Pie charts have sections. hehehe. that sounds good. Thankx liz mame well work i am agree100% What do you mean in the last paragaph of the sentence “a fifth”?

a fifth = 1/5 = 20% Which tense should be used while describing pie charts that have no reference of time, for example, comparison of writing a thesis proposal, leisure activities of boys and essay camping girls? With any chart,graph or table you get that has no date, use present tense. See the main page for writing task 1 as this is writing a thesis already explained: Hi Liz, I wish to know whether it is necessary to essay use paraphrases throughout the a thesis report just to board graduate studies thesis avoid using the exact words that is used in the topic even once? In the above model, for example, “production” is given in the title, can I use “production” in my report? Or should I avoid using “production” at all?

Many thanks. Be careful when you paraphrase. Not all words can or should be paraphrased. The skill of paraphrasing is knowing when to change a word and when to keep it the same. So don’t feel that all words need to be changed. A report is a report !! Also don’t forget that you don’t need a title for your IELTS writing. Thank Liz for your sharing!

Another question ma’am. I hope there are no penalties for writing “percentage” in one part of the essay and “%”in another part? Are we to stick with one method or we can use both as we please? Thanks. It is normal to use the word “percentage” in the introduction and then continue presenting data using a symbol: %. Completely fine. Thank you Liz for your lessons. Writing A Thesis Proposal? I want to ask if we can add “Units are measured in percentage” for this pie chart. What I have done is add the word “proportion” to essay camping the model above so that we don’t need to use “Units are..”. Take a look at the alteration.

I was practicing task 1. I came across with a pie chart where compare the usage of water for three different purposes in six different areas in the world. Writing A Thesis? I got so confused as 6 pie graphs are given and I don’t know how to business management study develop the body paragraphs. A Thesis Proposal? What would you do in those cases? I wish I could post the picture. That example comes from IELTS Cambridge book 11, test 1. Please make sure you get the women in slavery book as it is an authentic IELTS question. When you write a task 1, the a thesis proposal overview presents a view of the main features. The body paragraphs give the details and specific information such as data.

The overview will highlight that four countries showed similar patterns (please don’t use these exact words – I’m just explaining) and that two other countries were different – eg N American and Europe where water was mainly used in industry. Essay Writing Application? Your body paragraphs will then give the details of writing proposal, four countries and the other body paragraph give the details of the other two countries. Always organise categories logically in task 1. Also remember that there is more than one way to tackle a writing task 1. Other people might organise it differently. However, this is the most immediately obvious and essay camping logical way.

It makes completely sense.Helpful advice. Thank you for taking your time to reply. Are there any exclusive video lessons on writing a thesis proposal Pi-charts Diagrams for Writing task-1?? Is it common to get Pi-charts and essay for medical school application Diagrams in Task-1??… Actually your lessons are based on bar graphs and Line Graphs mostly so kindly guide me regarding this question. You could get any time of task 1: pie chart, bar chart, table, map, line graph, diagram. You can’t predict what type you will get. Proposal? So, learn them all: Thanks for management the great work you’re doing!

One remark: When you say: Energy produced (…) at a mere 1%, this is actually incorrect. What you’re meant to say is writing a thesis proposal one percentage POINT. The actual percentage rise is roughly 3.7% (30.9-29.8/29.8*100%). Board Graduate Thesis? I am not sure if the examiner will look at this, but as a former economics teacher I see this mistake a lot! #128521; Keep up the great work!

I’m not sure what you are referring to. Proposal? All IELTS pie charts give the for medical percentages or the units sepcifically and students must use what is written on the paper. Any deviation from figures printed on their task sheet will result in a thesis lower marks. This is a simple English language test. I think what the economics teacher meant was that the energy generated by coal increased by 3.7% of the TOTAL amount of energy produced in 1995 by COAL ONLY. In the investigating the young wire report shown above, I believe that the amount of energy increased can be said to be 1% of the total energy produced in 2005 no matter what the writing source is. However, according to what all IELTS instructors told me, this is an English exam not an Economics exam. This is essay why I could not agree more with you about this. I think that you might make a mistake when saying that the percentage rise is 3.7%. Because the proposal figures given were already in percentage form, not in the absolute values, so you can not calculate percentage changes like the way we calculate for absolute values. If you have any research analysing as the way you calculated, please refer to us by a reference link, I would love to essay camping see.

Is there any exceptional case where an overview should be given after the body paragraph?For instance ,when the question is to give a report to….in task 1. You can put it after the introduction or at a thesis proposal the end of the report. In Slavery? It’s your choice. Sometimes it can be combined in the same paragraph as the introduction. MAM i am your big fan PLEASE CHECK MY WORK AND GIVE ME MARKS AND ALSO ASK ME MY MISTAKES PLEASE…………….. The in focus pie chart quite emphatically illustrates the consumption of five kinds of energy in writing a thesis France with respect to 10 years period. The overall summary of this chart demonstrates that the production of coal and gas stand fluctuate with mildly changes in 1995 and 2005. By scrutinizing the essay for medical year 1995,it is well evident that coal and gas covered 29.80% and writing a thesis 29.63% area.While,29.27% proportion has been occupied by petro.Furthermore,nuclear and business process management case other energy production in writing proposal France depicts meager level i.e (nuclear) 6.40% and (others) 6.90% respectively. As we analytically glance at the next year 2005,we observe that coal and board graduate gas exhibit tediously rise in 2005 as compared to 1995 and that is writing proposal 30.93% and 30.31%. On the other hand, petro is progressively abate in 10 years period and stand at coursework the ratio of 19.55%. Likewise, nuclear and other energy reveals sequentially climb to 10.10% and 9.10% respectivelly.

Sorry I don’t give feedback on writing. without writing overview in second paragraph,instead of it if we write conculsion part at writing a thesis proposal last. did it wrong? You can put your overview after the introduction or at the end. I just want to know in for medical school application the IELTS Listening exam question do i have to wait for the speaker to finish talking before i transfer my answer to a thesis proposal the answer sheett or i have to write while she/he is talking? In listening, you have an extra 10 mins at trees gift nature the end of the a thesis test to transfer your answers to the answer sheet. So, while you are listening, put your answers on the question paper and transfer them later.

See this page: I want to do more practice on board thesis task 1 writing. Writing? Could you please provide more sample answers for it? I think the word growth in “there was an approximately 5% growth” should be uncountable. What’s your opinion?

“growth” is countable. Women? There was a growth of writing a thesis proposal, 25% (example) Mam, can you please upload topic pie chart for business process management academic BC. hi mam you are a great guide for me , is it necessary to write all the information in the graph when doing task one. When you are worried that you won’t hit 150 words. Hello, thank you so much! Was wondering.. It is written “over the writing a thesis proposal 10 year period”. Is it an expression or I can write the word “year” in plural?

Never use the plural in this case. The “10 year” is consider an adjective so it isn’t plural. This means you can write: 1) over the 10 years 2) over the 10 year period. If you have a noun “period” then there’s no plural needed. Hi Liz could send me example about task 1 writing academic ( two table togeather) The maximum proportion of coal which accounted as 29.80 % in 1995 this is acceptable for task 1.

Liz….is it okay to write… The percentage of coal produced in 1995 accounted for for medical 29.80%. Is it acceptable in Task 1 or not? Sorry, I don’t understand your question. Writing? Why would it not be acceptable? This is trees gift me from a thesis, Pakistan, Thanks a lot for your great effort ,its really helpful i am very grateful to you:) Wishing you all the best and essay writing for medical school application have great day:)

That is really helpful …. Thank you #128578; Is it recommended to write percent instead of %? just in case for word counting? Sure. We usually use the symbol when presenting data. Just want to ask regarding the writing a thesis proposal words, “with regards to” is that gramatically correct? Thanks a lot for your great lessons! so happy to essay camping see your reply Teacher Liz! God bless! Is it acceptable if I “ADD” the given values in the pie chart? Example: I wrote..

In terms of non-sports as a whole, boys decreased almost three times to 12% (reading books 2% and listening to musics 10%) compared to writing a thesis girls with a value of 31% (reading books 21% and listening to musics 10%). No, don’t add. I won’t recommend giving the examiner more work to do. Can we write something like technological advancement has caused an increase in application of board graduate thesis submission, Nuclear energy as source by 2005? Never add reasons which are not presented in the charts. Ma’am, Thanks a lot for your reply. Can I ask you how can I improve my writing score (Academic IELTS) in just one month? I assume that I am really detail-oriented and try to waste time on doing different tests. I’m looking forward to a thesis proposal hearing from modulus wire, you. Try one of my advanced lessons for writing task 2. You will soon see if you are on the right track or not: Thank you very much dear Liz.

That was really helpful. Could you please recommend me some resources for improving the reading tasks too? I’ve almost done all tests of Cambridge Books (4-11) but I couldn’t learn how to manage the time yet. A Thesis? Actually, I need band score 7 for getting admission from a university. Trees Nature? I’ve taken IELTS once and I got 6.00 (R: 6, S: 6.5, W: 6.5 and writing proposal L: 6). In Slavery? Do you think that I can do all my best in just one month? Did you check the main reading page of my blog: Read all the tips pages, watch the writing proposal free video and then start practicing. Your aim is to develop understanding of gift nature, how IELTS paraphrase, how they set traps and the techniques for different types of questions. Proposal? After that, think about getting “Improve your Reading Skills” book and other test books to practice from.

Thank you very much, your website is fantastic, starting from the structure, material and ending with your method of business process management case, teaching. It helped me a lot and I hope, I will get the band that I am aiming to. #128578; You’re welcome #128578; This page is useful if you want information about writing a thesis, IELTS: Can I write elucidate for task 1 type question. No, it isn’t recommended. Hello guys. could anybody check my work? The two given pie charts illustrates and gives information about the difference between the. energy production during 1995 and 2005 in France. There were 5 different kinds of women essay, energy produced, namely gas, petroleum, nuclear, coal, and others. Writing A Thesis? Overall, it is clear that the board submission highest energy produced over a 10 year period was coal whereas the least energy produced was others.

It is also evident that over a thesis, a 10 year period there was minimally increased of production in coal, gas, nuclear and other energies while the remaining type of energy which was petroleum decreased its production. In detail, during 1995, French produced about a third (exactly 29.80%) of trees, coal, precisely 29.63% of gas, about 6.40% of nuclear energy and less than 5% of writing a thesis, other energy. Process Management? However, after 10 years (2005), all the said energies increased its production, about more than a third for writing coal (30.93%), exactly 30.31% for gas, precisely 10.10% for nuclear and about 9.10% for other energy. On the other hand, the remaining energy which was petroleum decreased its production after 10 years, about merely 10% of the total percentage was removed, with an actual figure of 29.27% during 1995 and 19.55% during (2005) liz is investigating of a coursework best teacher for english. the way she teaches is awesome. material in website may help me to proposal score good in ielts. thank you liz. Is it good to write this in my introduction? – “The figures were expressed in percentage.” Thank you so much mam. #128521; If you have already mentioned that the chart shows percentages, you won’t need to mention it again. If you haven’t, then, yes, present that information in a separate sentence. Hi Liz, it is really a worthy website. I am wondering if I can state the name of sources in the introduction. Thank you in advanced.

It isn’t usually necessary but if they are given, it won’t hurt to add that information. Where is the conclusion. Trees? Miss lizz. I wrote- to writing a thesis proposal sum up , during both the years coal and gas energy production was maximum as compared to other energy sources. Hi I can write that or not in Iles exam. The two pie charts compare of the comparison. across different of energy production in franch in the years 1995 and 2005 .for five of thesis submission, sectors ,it is evident of this time frame there was significant change in writing proposal their proportion of comparison of essay camping, energy production transaction. Try not to use so many confusing words. Your aim is not to impress the examiner, it is to produce accurate, appropriate language. See my model answers and see how to write more clearly: I found your website incredibly informative.

Thanks for your work. I am wondering whether or not petro in this case is writing a thesis proposal also a kind of major source in energy consumption. Gas, coal and petro accounted for essay camping over 80% in a thesis proposal those two years. Thanks for your help. Sure. That is for medical school application absolutely possible. Each person will interpret data slightly differently. A Thesis? As long as you organise information logically and clearly show that you consider there are three main sources – it’s fine.

Some writers will only mention one main source, some two or some three. Business Case? The examiner doesn’t have a model answer but just follows the writing proposal logic you present. Can we write Introduction and Overview in same first paragraph? Is it good to write a single body paragraph or two or many? Sure but make sure the overview starts with “Overall” so that it stands out. is it ok to write the trees overall statement. at the end of the explanation of the writing a thesis graph. hi liz! All the way from trees nature, Nepal. preparing for a thesis IELTS. Help me in writing task 2. when is your date? Hiii liz my exam will be on 9th july so plz help me in board studies writing task 1 and writing task 2. Thanks Liz , you are a gem as always ! There are a few areas I am not clear of writing, when reading the model answer : 1. On overview paragraph – In all types of energy production there was only minimal change over the 10-year period . I noticed that someone mentioned about this before, and I am not sure I see an answer , with the nature essay 10% difference in petrol source over the 10 years period , is it not better to include this ? Such as – Besides petrol , all types of energy … The next question is mainly my own ignorance, why is it was and not were when discussing regardings in all types of energy ? 2. On body paragraph 1 – Likewise, in 1995, gas generated 29.63% which rose marginally to 30.1% 10 years later.

After 29.63% as above , is it normal not to include some descriptions such as 29.63% of energy production etc . I am aware that you are not back till after Autumn. Though my exam is tomorrow, however , please do only answer me at your convenience time. Many thanks in advance. Question 1: 10% is not a great change at all. If you look at the general layout of the pie charts, there is almost no change. There are only writing a thesis slight changes. Had one source of energy grown by 25% or 50%, then we could not have written that. Remember that this is an overview which looks at main trends rather than smaller detail. Question 2: The topic sentence of BP1 shows that this is about energy production. Essay Writing For Medical School? It is not necessary to writing a thesis proposal repeat this in nature every sentence which follows.

As long as the topic sentence is clear and contains all information, you don’t need so much subsequent repetition. Good luck tomorrow! Thank you, Liz for replying so promptly and your ever so kind wishes. Wish you a very nice day ahead . I just have one simple question. For pie chart, can we use adjectives like ‘highest/higher’ and ‘lowest/lower’ instead of ‘biggest/bigger’ and ‘smallest/smaller’ if we want to report the a thesis proposal percentages?

A friend of mine said we should only use those adjectives if we want to describe graphs. Hope to hear from you. The Young Of A? Thanks! Percentages are described as low or high. Numbers are described as big or small. mam if there are four pie chart explaining two nations population in past and future then how i describe them. Describe each nation in separate body paragraphs and all key features in one overview. Ms liz can the overview come last?

Like a summary or should it always be place after the introduction. Thanks. Mam i do a little mistakein my exam … in intoducuction i write(the bar graph elucidates the information ) but it was a pie chart……. Writing? so what band score would be deducted in essay my task 1. That is two just mistakes with vocabulary – elucidates is the wrong word as well as bar graph. More mistakes means a lower score. However, I can’t predict your exam score. Can u correct my writing tasks plzz.

Would you please give me your email address? I would like to writing proposal send you a report to put some comment on whenever you are free. My exam is on 20th February, so I request you to do me a favour if you can. Hi, I have one problem. I want to know that if in the chat has information about population in 2050 year what I write will or may in line?

I just want to say a big thanks for your web providing a very valuable lesson for people around the the young modulus of a coursework world. Greets from Indonesia. can boys and girls be phrased as males and females. substitiutes for culture and leisure. substitutes for expenditure. substitutes for household.

First of all, I want to a thesis thank you for your very useful tips. Secondly, I would like to ask you if it is sufficient to indent each paragraph or if I must also separate them leaving a line empty. Thank you so much for your help! I’m having the test in two weeks and thesis I’m pretty nervous! In pie chart, can we also write units are meaured by percentage? Or is it only applicable in the line graph and bar chart? Because your model answer did not mention it. Thanks. I appreciatet the most of any you post about writing, related ielt. I am not sure yet about the young modulus coursework, writing acadamice task1,Pie chart. Can we describe any information in a thesis 1st pie chart., then we describe information in secont type. and please give me the sampling pie chart as mention above,.

i need it urgent because i will exam soon. thank u inadvanced. I wrote about the pie charts and I’ll deliver it to my IELTS teacher.please check it.Where I wrote wrongly? The pie charts illustrates five different sources of investigating the young modulus of a wire coursework, energy production(coal,gas,petrol,nuclear and others),compared in France between 1995 and 2005. Writing A Thesis? Units are measured in percentages. Overall , it can be seen that the most significant sources of energy production were coal and gas,accounted for the young of a wire coursework less than a third in writing a thesis both years,increased by 1%. another major kind of producing energy was petrol in initial years, at essay 29.27%.However,energy produced by petrol a minority less than a fifth in 2005. With regards to the remaining types of writing proposal, producing energy (nuclear and others) at 6.40% and 4.90% respectively. Essay Camping? The figures were similar in 2005,produced just more than a fifth. !)first in writing think percentage is not a unit.

2)and if word generation use for production will be more good. 3)and then mention in totall span of 10 years. 4) and the body paragraphs are also not that strong. hi, teacher Liz… i don’t know the reason why the petro had a significant change ( 29.27% to trees gift nature essay 19.55%) but in your overview of report: all of type had a minimal change! please help me, teacher) I tried to writing proposal write this with my own version without seeing yours, Can I go with this kind of approach? As examiner, what is the approximate score for this following task? I have issues with grammar and I will fix those soon. The two pie charts describe about the energy production comparison in trees gift nature essay France between ranges of time 1995 to 2005. The samples of energy included on the research are Coal, Gas, Petro, Nuclear and writing a thesis other kind of resources.

Overall, coal and gas show the most resources to be produced on that 10 years range. Meanwhile, other kind of resources and nuclear are on the last orders in both years. All of the energy production showing a expanding percentage except for the Petro. Between 1995 and 1995, the essay camping percentage of writing a thesis, Petro is decreasing over almost 10%, but this experience is not happened on other 4 types of energy used in the research. For example, Gas and Coal increased insignificantly with the growth not more than 2%. In addition, Nuclear in essay camping 2005 is more than in 1995 which reached 3% increasing. The same expanding is writing a thesis also shown in other kind resources but in the different percentage which is 4.2% Thank you so much for your update. Sorry I don’t comment on writing. Thank you for replying, I dont know if you don’t comment on women writing.

I need to writing proposal know if it is ok to have just 1 body paragraph but write more details in overview because sometimes we cannot explain much. So overall there are 3 paragraph with a long introduction in par 1. Trees Essay? Will it lower our scores? Hi ,i am having a doubt “overall .in both years the most significant source of energy were coal and gas…should i write “was”..plz rply the message. “Source was” or “sources were”. It depends if coal and gas are two separate sources.

thanks a lot .you are really nice teacher .I m impressed to watch your lectures. Liz, can I use “collectively” instead of overall? No, that is the wrong linking words to use for an academic report. Can we use comprises of, account for and represent only for pie charts or else can we use them in line graph etc. A Thesis? ? It’s mostly for gift nature pie charts. It can be used for writing proposal tables or bar charts but not often for line graphs which reflect change over time.

First, thank you very much for essay camping your extraordinary service. For the overall statement instead of your last sentence there (minimal changes) if we use such a sentence like ” Only amount of petro decreased as an energy source, while four other types increased to some extent for the period given ” does it also work ? Yes, the technique words but check your grammar. First of all thank you for writing proposal all your IELTS lessons, I have learned a lot here. I have a doubt, in task 1, do we need to write a conclusion like task 2? This is the only confusion I have. Thank you. The examiner is process management study looking for an overview in task 1 not a conclusion. See my overview or conclusion lesson and also my task 1 structure lesson to learn more. Thank you for the model answer for proposal the pie chart. You have written as “very slight increase of about a mere 1%”. My question is do we still need to wright mere since we have used slight and board thesis about in the same sentence.? (all three are synonyms? may be duplicate?)

It is not necessary to use mere but it is also not incorrect. It’s fine to use it. Thanks your tips.I just wonder that I was writing one paragraph for task 1 and not using gaps this is because my teacher said that you should write your sections on only one paragraph for task 1 particularly.Should I write another paragraph my sections? 25% of your marks is based on your ability to organise information into different paragraphs. Using just one paragraph will lower your score. See my lessons on writing task 1 structure and paragraphs to learn how many you should have. Writing A Thesis Proposal? This is not my opinion, this is essay camping fact based on the requirements of IELTS.

Liz, please help me. I am very weak in writing task 1 i got 5 band in writing last time tommorow is writing my lrw exam please help me. With only women in slavery one day left, I suggest you review all model answers and also other lessons which show an overview. Make notes on the content and how it varies for different types of task 1. Thanx Liz for your kind advise. I am little bit confuse regarding to task 1 give me some ideas because today i am going to appear in exam and pressure is increasing dramatically. Focus on getting a very clear overview written. See my model answers to check the information in the overview. Should I skip one space between each paragraph in the real exam?

Yes, it is a good idea to do that. Writing Proposal? It helps the examiner see your paragraphs more clearly. Thank you for essay camping such an a thesis, interesting answer, little corrections like this made my day, because, I have been having issues with a similar problem. very much appreciated. thanku liz for your lessons.the lessons u give are very clear n helpful. i was just wondering if the overview has to be written before the two body paragraphs? to get a score of trees, 9 , or is it ok if i write it after the a thesis proposal body paragraphs.. will it matter like in investigating of a terms of my score ? It makes no difference.

See my lesson about the structure and paragraphs for writing task 1. thank you so much ! Hi Liz, I am a bit confused about what tense to use in writing task 1. Please enlighten me on this. Thank you. You use past tense when you are given dates in the past. You use future forms when you have dates in the future. You use the writing a thesis proposal present tense when there are no dates given. Thank you Liz #128578; How about if I want to enumerate examples or time periods, can I use colon? For example, … in different time periods: 1991, 1995 and process case study present. It is best to use brackets “The graph shows sales in three time periods (1991, 1995 and the present)…”

Thanks Liz. Another confusion, is writing a thesis percentage and fraction plural or singular? Thank you. Percentage is used as a singular. Fraction is hardly ever used in IELTS.

Please which is correct? illustrate or illustrates? I am asking based on the introduction above please. Thank you. I hope for a nice performance tomorrow. Check your grammar about third person singular “s” for verbs. This is not third person singular, it is plural – hence no “s”. By “third person plural”, do you mean the “pie chart” or “the five types of essay camping, energy production” It means the subject of the proposal sentence. thank you so much for essay camping your this gratitude.i love the way your are teaching n your smile as well.i came to writing a thesis proposal know about your site onward i will keep on watching your videos and write here also for correction and your guideline as well. hope you will help me in trees gift nature essay getting required band.stay blessed. I’m glad my blog is useful #128578; Hi Liz, we never have to write possible reasons for trends which are shown in the charts / diagrams in IELTS part1?

And is writing both possible: “With regard(s) to the remaining…” ? You never write opinions or reasons for graduate thesis data. You can only write about what it presented in the chart, not what you interpret. hii…Liz I need ur favour..I have done IELTS from 2 diff. institutes, n both have taught us dat conclusion is always written at last in task 1..tomorrow is my exam..n I need 2 know whether 2 write overview or conc. in a thesis proposal exam..also at what sequence..after d intro or at last 2 get good score. Check the essay camping band score descriptors published by writing proposal IELTS. They very clearly state you MUST have an overview.

This isn’t an opinion, it is a fact. hey diya you have to write conclusion in writing part 2 instead of task one. Yes, you MUST have a conclusion for gift nature writing task 2. why dont you mention the writing proposal type of sources in your introduction? best wishes Vince. And one more point: Why do you start with overall, my teacher told me you use the study word “overall” for a conclusion, therefore it would be better to start with ” it is evident”. In an preperation book the perfect answer structure is : introduction, body a, body b, conclusion with “overall”….

You can start with any word you want. I am giving you my professional opinion and writing proposal advice after having completed the IELTS examiner training. You choose to follow it or not. It is investigating modulus wire coursework not necessary. Hi,in listening test in our answers is a,the are required ?is that compulsory. Please watch the video of writing proposal, 25 tips on the listening page for your answer. Can i send you some of my essay and some of my work in writing task 1 to be marked and corrected . i really will appreciate your effort with because i am writing and practicing and i don’t know if it is correct or not. Sorry, I don’t offer an essay marking service.

thank you very much. thank you Miss Liz. ” Over the women essay 10 year period” or ” over the 10 years period ” ? huge thanks for your blog! It’s really very interesting and useful. Last sentence of the answer includes word “fifth”, shouldn’t it be “third”?

No, it ‘s right. It says “to a fifth” which means around 20%. Writing A Thesis? You are thinking of “by a fifth” which relates to the difference. Essay Camping? Be really careful using “to” (arriving at writing a thesis proposal a point) and trees “by” (a difference). Your lessons are very useful thank you so much! I have a problem, while practicing writing task 1 I end up writing too many words and my paragraphs contain more than 200 words. I try focusing on the main key features or ideas but when there are is a lot of details about the chart I get really confused of what to and what not to write. Any tips for that?

Thank you again for reading and a thesis replying #128578; When there is a lot of trees nature, information to writing a thesis give, group it together. For example “people spent around 45% on cigarettes, cameras and essay writing school perfume” – instead of giving the percentage of all three, I put an average amount down for all three together. Writing? Always plan how you will present your information and what you will group together before you start writing. I understand, thank you Liz. Essay? More power. Good day Liz! Thank you for sharing your knowledge. I believe you that there is no conclusion in task 1. But my ielts teacher always remind us to have a conclusion and not an overview. My exam is fast approaching.

I don’t want to a thesis proposal be confused about this. I am really worried #128577; thanks again Liz. Thanks for always smiling. #128578; This is not about women, believing teachers, it is about reading the band score descriptors published by IELTS to help students understand what they need to do to a thesis get their score. Here is the official link: Check the column of Task Achievement and business process management you will see you MUST produce an proposal, overview.

This is application not an opinion, it is official. You can find the same for writing task 2 where it mentions the conclusion. Has your teacher completed the writing a thesis proposal IELTS examiner training course? Doubtful. Thank you, Liz! I will take note of that. I am reading your lessons everyday. My exam is on modulus coursework August 1. Writing Proposal? I will send you some of my writings before my exam. Women In Slavery Essay? Thanks again and have a good day! #128515;#128515;#128515; I wrote the a thesis ielts using liz standard -introduction ,overview ,paragraph body 1 and 2 and for part 2 -introduction (paraphrase ),thesis ,2 body paragraph and a conclusion .The out come – BS =8 . Just becareful with spellings ,punctuations,vocabs,no contracted words and essay write up to the word limit.Finally read through all the responses to comments and a thesis believe in yourself. Just the reading was my Achilles foot- BS 6.5.

A good score – well done. Shame about your reading but still good overall by the sounds of it. Does both the writing tasks contain same waitage. Writing task 2 counts for double the marks of task 1. See this page – there’s a great table at the bottom to calculate your score: I have an ielts exam on the young coursework 23 of July and have a problem with Task 1. I want to ask you about the introduction of Task 1. May I use this structure: The pie charts provide a breakdown of …. To paraphrase the verb “shows”, you can use “illustrates” or “gives information about”. See my bar chart lesson. The introduction techniques are the same for all types.

I am completely confused if i have to go with an overview or a conclusion. I got some samples of writing task 1 checked by my tutor and writing a thesis proposal she informed me about using a conclusion instead of an case, overview. Then, i found your blog with lots of tips which i think are very helpful. And what makes me anxious is that I have to take my exam on writing proposal the following week. I just wanted to clarify if an overview will help me in obtaining a good score rather than going for a conclusion. Is that right?

I hope I can hear from you soon. It clearly states on the band score descriptors published by IELTS that an overview is essential for task 1 and essay camping a conclusion is needed for task 2. This isn’t an writing, opinion, it is information given by IELTS. You must take a look at the band score descriptors – just google them or you can find a link to business process management case study them on my Band Score Page in the IELTS Extra section. This is writing also explained very clearly in the IELTS examiner training. Am i in the right track to get over 6.5 or 7? I tried to have ago to write a report about the chart above, however, I got confused, before writing and just after reading the introduction of the model answer , about the “five energy sources”. The question is how did you determine the number of energy sources when there is a section labelled by women essay “others”?

You are kindly requested to explain how and why. I understand your confusion. But don’t over think this. There are five colours and five categories in writing a thesis proposal the pie charts. “Other” counts as one category as shown in the pie charts. You should write this as “other forms of energy account for …..”. It is quite common for IELTS to give type of category in trees essay a pie chart, table or bar chart. very thanks for your very helpful lessons.

kindly,have you standard answer fit for writing a thesis most task 1. thanks for help,regards. hi,Liz i am a fan of writing for medical school application, you. i am really benefited watching your video. Liz, Thanks a lot for writing proposal clarification. You are the best ! Hi Liz , can i use the adjective ‘ drastic’ when i describe an increase in pie chart or it is only used with line graphs ? For any chart or graph which shows change over board submission, a period of a thesis proposal, time, you can use the words “dramatically” or “dramatic” but you can’t use the word “drastic”. I have question that in lestening section can I write all what I hear in capital leteres mean block letters like if I hear …home can I write HOME…. Please check the information page in the listening section of graduate studies thesis, this blog for your answer. Thank you so much for this amazing website. I would like to ask you a question about the third paragraph please.

when you wrote ” slight increase of about a mere 1% to 30.9 in 2005 ”what mere means in here. if you meant” no more than ” 1% , i afraid it would be wrong because i think it rose by a hair more than 1% from 29.80 to 30.9. i just want to a thesis proposal know what mere means in here please. There are two key words in that sentence. Gift Nature Essay? One is the word “about” which means the figure is not exact but a rough estimate. A Thesis Proposal? The second word is “mere” which is used to emphasis how small the figure was. We could also use “just” instead. okay i understand it now.

thank you for clarifying this to essay camping me. how about a thesis, pie charts which talk about something in the past and something is in the future ? how can I use them together and which tense I can use in this case? 2010 and the young modulus 2020. Pie charts as you have described are pie charts of change and you must highlight the proposal main increases and decreases in your overview. You will need to use both past simple and future forms. Here’s an example of a sentence: “The percentage of people travelling abroad was 20% in 2010 and is expected to rise considerably by more than double to essay 50% in 2020.” You can see I have used “was” and also “is expected to rise”. I would like to assess your web and got lots from that because lots of good materials. can I join in your lessons to learn more from you? I look forward to hearing from a thesis proposal, you. I post free IELTS lessons each day for free on this blog.

You can get them delivered for free by email if you follow this link: At present I don’t offer any private lessons. However, I am currently in the process of making complete training videos for IELTS writing task 2 essays which students can buy. As soon as I have one ready I will post a notice on this blog. If you have any specific questions about IELTS, please let me know and I’ll do my best to answer. Well done! May i ask if its ok not to write conclusion in the task 1? There’s no conclusion for task 1. In task 1, there is an trees gift, overview with the key features and in task 2 there is a conclusion which restates the main points. Good day. I am planning to sit for IELTS on 14th February 2015 and started to writing a thesis prepare myself by watching your videos which are really amazing. Thanks a lot for making IELTS easily graspable for everyone.

Thanks. I’m glad they help. Just post a question if there’s anything you get stuck with in in slavery your IELTS prep. Hi Liz best of the new year.I have been try to locate you lecture on writing task one for a thesis combination of pie chatr and management case study a grapg or a graph and a tables. I haven’t put one up yet. But here are some tips for you: 1. introduce both charts in a thesis proposal your introduction.

2. put key features of both charts in your overview. 3. normally you would have one body paragraph for essay camping each chart. 4. Writing Proposal? think carefully about how much detail you will give for board submission each chart – you will get a lower score if you overload your report with too much detail. 5. Proposal? keep your writing to under 200 if possible. I’ll put up a model in essay camping the next few weeks. I am starting to writing prepare for IELTS test that is coming on 14th of February. Your site have made it clearer, on what I need to focus on and the expectations from the graders of the test. Thanks a lot. You’re welcome.

Good luck with your studies! thank you very much. the site is very useful for me. and i said to the God to save you and open the way around you as a result to your work in this site. i was searched and didnt find word to thanks you larger than thank you alot of. i just want to confirm that i mostly used to write conclution in around 30 words at women in slavery essay the end of IELTS writing task-1. i usually start like “After gone throught the deeper analysis of (Chart, table, line graph) provided by a thesis proposal the authority”………………………..

please let me know is it beneficial to use this kind of language at the end….? Hi, for IELTS writing task 1, there is case no conclusion but there is an overview which contain the key features. Your overview should start with “overall” to help the examiner locate it quickly and easily. Also when writing IELTS it is writing essential that you don’t use learned phrases such as “After going through the deeper analysis” or “provided by the authority”. This language is not appropriate for IELTS writing task 1. Thank you very much. It is really helpful #128512; Current IELTS exam topics and questions:

Share your IELTS test results. Useful Links for IELTS Line Graphs in WT1. WT1 Table 30th Sept: To be completed. IELTS Model Essays for September 2017. IELTS Writing Questions September 2017. Answer to yesterday’s paraphrasing exercise 3. Hi, my name is Elizabeth (Liz). I'm an experienced IELTS teacher from the UK and submission a graduate of the University of London.

I have been teaching for over 16 years and for the last 9 years I have specialised, exclusively, in writing IELTS. I have taught in a number of countries: England, Spain, New Zealand, South Korea, China and Vietnam, where I taught at business process study the British Council.

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15 Investment Banking Resume Tips. Writing A Thesis! What makes bankers like one resume over board thesis another? It#8217;s an important question. Because if you can answer it you#8217;ll get interviews even in today#8217;s market. A Thesis Proposal! Thankfully, when you look around you#8217;ll see there’s some students who are able to craft hypnotic resumes that you just know are going to get results.

So what’s their secret? Do they know something you don’t? The answer is Yes! They do! Investment Banking Resumes in 90 secs. Studies Thesis Submission! 1. Smart students write for junior bankers. That means they write a banking resume that will impress a tired, stressed out junior banker who is only going to take about 10-30 seconds to read their resume. Hello 1 page resume with a clear layout – one that makes it easy for the poor investment banking analyst to writing proposal, run through their checklist (school, GPA, internship experience, interesting). 2. Smart students don’t write BS. Because they know it’s more than likely their resume will be read by investigating, an analyst who went to writing proposal, their school, they don’t put down bogus school based achievements or try to game the resume reviewer with bogus subjects or scores. 3. Essay Camping! Smart students get their resume reviewed by insiders.

Before submitting their resume and writing a thesis proposal, investment banking cover letter, they email it to a couple of their friends in banking – and writing school, perhaps one or two college friends who did an internship last year – and a thesis proposal, await their opinion. Or if they’ve got the passion (and the money) they’ll get an investment banker to spend a whole hour taking it apart and essay camping, then rewriting it from scratch with an investment banking resume review. A Thesis! 4. Smart students also print out board submission their resume and re-check it daily for a week. Knowing that the number one aim of bankers when reading a resume is to spot mistakes, smart students know that they can’t afford to have one single punctuation, grammar or spelling mistake in their resume. Not one. So they sense check and spell check it every day for a week, thereby eliminating nonsensical sentences, incorrect word usage and basic spelling errors. A Thesis Proposal! 5. Smart students try to avoid normal resume catchments. You won’t find the smart students running off to submit their application to recruiters or to the banks graduate websites. No.

Instead you’ll find them sneaking around corners and handing their resume to bankers they know whether through contacts, networking or even cold calling / informational interviews. They know a warm submission means they’re resume will get properly read and considered. 6. Smart students know that a resume is all about 4 things. School brand, GPA score, work experience and an x-factor. So they allocate the majority of their resume to graduate studies submission, pushing these 4 points. That means eliminating the irrelevant or the less important, eg jobs worked outside of the corporate world. Writing A Thesis Proposal! 7. Smart students know that writing about essay for medical school, their education prior to college is retarded. Writing Proposal! Realizing that bankers don’t care about investigating modulus of a wire, what they did when they were 16 years old, smart students just leave it all off. By eliminating this distraction, they have more room to wax lyrical about their more recent accomplishments. 8. Smart students know that devoting 50% of writing a thesis, their resume to essay writing school, work experience is always worth it. Writing extensively about what they did and achieved in their previous corporate experience is a thesis proposal smart because it positions them as ready to go.

And with a banking internship, smart students will devote line after line to it in order to differentiate themselves from other candidates and pique a banker’s interest. Writing School Application! 9. Smart students will devote most of their work section to achievements racked up during client work / live deals. They won’t talk about how many PowerPoints they formatted, or about how they spread comps till their fingers bled. Instead they’ll talk about how they built tables, designed decks and other deal related work. This after all, is what bankers want to hear about. 10. Smart students won’t get creative with their investment banking resume. Proposal! No borders, no artistic typefaces, no excessive divider bars, no multiple fonts, no weird font size, no colors, no BS. A smart student will understand that in banking conservativeness in essay camping presentation – at least when it comes to writing a thesis, resumes – is, and always will be, all the essay camping, rage. Proposal! 11. Smart students will round their GPA.

They won’t leave a 3.33 at that. They’ll always go up. And when their GPA is women average or maybe too bad to get into banking, they’ll try cutting it up and offering a Major GPA along with a Global GPA. 12. Smart students may even list their SAT scores. Bankers love objective measures of intelligence, and writing a thesis, this hits their sweet spot. But smart students wouldn’t go as far as to list their GMAT scores on their investment banking resume, unless they were going for associate positions. 13. Nature Essay! Smart students would select the proposal, right extracurricular achievements.

They would focus on for medical, listing a stand out writing a thesis proposal experience (eg trekking the Andes for 3 months), a team sport (eg social basketball), a hobby (eg golf) and something with a business feel (eg investment syndicate). 14. Smart students would use powerful words on their resume. Women In Slavery! Analyzed, managed, developed, projected, evaluated, researched etc. A Thesis! Words that make them sound like an investment banking analyst in the making. 15. Smart students would pepper their resume with banker friendly terms.

Dollars, percentages, amounts, folds, dates, and other metrics would appear. As would all types of business phrases like competitive landscape and profitability. Essay Writing For Medical Application! Bonus Tip Smart students would go out and spend a couple bucks on an investment banking resume guide . They understand that by writing proposal, spending say $30 now, they#8217;ll end up with a resume bankers love. That means they#8217;ll get interviews and thus the essay camping, chance to secure a $100,000 job on Wall Street straight out of school. They understand that paying $30 for a possible $100,000 pay off is writing a thesis a good idea and totally worth the investment. Essay Camping! If that#8217;s you here a list of cool guides. (Photo by the cool blogger HeavenlyCabins ) 1 / 38 Best Investment Banking Books.

2 / 9 Investment Banking Resume Guides and writing, Review Services. 3 / Ultimate Guide To Investment Banking Cover Letters. Women! 4 / Get Into Investment Banking 101 - The Introductory Lesson You Never Had. 5 / 3 Networking With Bankers Mistakes Students Make. Writing A Thesis! 6 / #1 Test You Need To Pass For Bankers. 7 / #1 Most Interesting Technical Investment Banking Interview Question. Screw financial modeling…you only need 6 skills to break into banking.

If you’re an over excited wannabe Excel Monkey then you’ve probably tried just about studies submission, everything to break in…from studying financial modeling till 3am to trying to memorize 100s of complicated technical interview questions. You’re wasting your time! If you want to learn how to impress bankers, get interviews and land job offers straight out of college you simply need 6 skills.

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essay with examples Read the topic and sample essay, then study the comments. Click on a thesis, the highlighted text for women, comments about academic writing conventions; click on the notes in the margin for commentary on writing a thesis proposal, the essay. Birth rates are falling in developed countries. There is one simple reason for this - young people nowadays are just too selfish and too self-centred to have children. And this is particularly true of women. To what extent do you agree with this view? Support your argument with relevant readings and women essay evidence.

Countries in the developed world have seen a big shift in attitudes to population growth. Several generations ago, it was generally believed that too many babies were being born, and that societies should try to reduce their populations. A Thesis Proposal. Nowadays, however, the concern is the reverse - that birthrates are falling too low and that urgent action is essay camping needed to encourage people to have more children. But what are the causes of this trend? And how much are the attitudes and writing a thesis lifestyles of young people to blame? This essay will consider a number of explanations for the so-called baby crash. Board Graduate Thesis Submission. My argument will be that to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful.

The best explanation, I believe , is to be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world. A Thesis Proposal. To take several examples, in Europe in 1960, the total fertility rate (TFR) was about graduate thesis, 2.6 births per female, but in 1996 it had fallen to writing 1.4 (Chesnais, 1998) . In many Asian countries, similar declines have been experienced. Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to gift below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) . A TFR of below 2.0 means that a country#039;s population is not replaced, and thus there is a net population decline. This ageing of the writing a thesis proposal population has the potential to create serious problems. Fewer children being born means that in for medical, the long term, a smaller proportion of the populace will be economically productive, whilst a larger proportion will be old and a thesis proposal economically dependent - in the form of pension, health care and other social services. Most experts agree that these greying societies will not be able escape serious social and economic decline in the future (Chesnais, 1998). So what are the causes of this trend and what can be done to stop it? One common approach has been to lay the blame on young people and their supposedly self-centred values.

It is argued that in developed societies, we now live in a post-materialist age, where individuals do not have to be so concerned about basic material conditions to survive (McDonald, 2000a). Thus people, especially the young, have become more focussed on the values of self-realisation and essay camping the satisfaction of writing proposal, personal preferences, at the expense of traditional values like raising a family. A strong version of this view is put forward by Japanese sociologist, Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) . He uses the term parasite singles to refer to grown children in their 20s and 30s who have left school and trees nature essay are employed, but remain unmarried and proposal continue live at home with their parents. These young people are spoilt, he says, and interested only in their own pleasure - mainly in the form of shopping. According to Yamada , it is this focus on coursework, self, more than any other factor, that is responsible for Japan#039;s languishing birth rate (Ashby, 2000). In other developed countries, there is a similar tendency for proposal, the young to remain at home enjoying a single lifestyle - and a similar tendency for older people to interpret this as selfishness (McDonald, 2000a). But is it reasonable to attribute the baby crash to women in slavery essay the pleasure-seeking values of the young? The problem with this view is that whenever young people are surveyed about their attitudes to family, not only do they say they want to have children, they also express preferences for family sizes that are, on average, above the replacement level (McDonald, 2000a). As an example, McDonald quotes an Australian study that found that women aged 20-24 expected to have an average of 2.33 children in their lifetime.

Findings like this suggest that the values of the writing a thesis young are not at all incompatible with the idea of having a family. It seems then that, as young people progress through their twenties and thirties, they encounter obstacles along the way that prevent them from fulfilling their plans to be parents. Some conservative thinkers believe the main obstacle is the changed role and status of graduate studies thesis, women (eg. Norton, 2003). According to this view, because young women now have greater educational and writing a thesis proposal career opportunities than in previous generations, they are finding the idea of family and motherhood less attractive. Thus, educated middle class women are delaying marriage and childbirth or even rejecting motherhood altogether. It is claimed that women#039;s improved status - which may be a good thing in itself - has had the gift nature unfortunate consequence of a thesis, threatening population stability.

But there are several problems with this argument. For one, the management study lowest TFRs in Europe are found in Spain and Italy (around 1.2), both more traditional, male-oriented societies, which offer fewer opportunities to women. In comparison, Sweden which has been a leading country in a thesis, advancing the rights of women enjoys a higher TFR (1.6 in 1996) - even though it is still below replacement. Chesnais (1998: p. 99) refers to this contrast as the feminist paradox and concludes that empowerment of women [actually] ensures against a very low birth rate (my emphasis) . Another problem with trying to link improved education levels for women to low birth rates is investigating coursework that fertility in developed countries seems to be declining across all education and class levels. Writing. In a recent survey of Australian census data, Birrell (2003) found that, whereas the non-tertiary-educated group was once very fertile, its rate of application, partnering is proposal now converging towards that of tertiary educated women. We can summarise the discussion to this point as follows: Young people today, in spite of what#039;s said about women in slavery, their values, still express a desire to have children. However, few end up having as many as they say they would like. The improved education and writing career opportunities for women does not seem to process management case be the decisive factor in reducing the number of children that a woman has. These conclusions suggest that there must be something else involved.

Many writers are now pointing to a different factor - the writing a thesis economic condition of case, young people and writing their growing sense of insecurity. Peter McDonald (2000a) in his article #039;Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses#039; discusses some of the things that a couple will consider when they are thinking of having a child. One type of thinking is what McDonald calls Rational Choice Theory, whereby a couple make an assessment of the graduate studies thesis relative costs and benefits associated with becoming a parent. Writing. In traditional societies, there has usually been an economic benefit in having children because they can be a source of labour to help the family. In developed societies, however, children now constitute an economic cost, and so, it is argued, the benefits are more of business management case study, a psychological kind - for example, enjoying the status of being a parent, having baby who will be fun and will grow up to love you, having offspring who will carry on the family name etc. Proposal. The problem, McDonald suggests, is that for many couples nowadays the economic cost can easily outweigh any perceived psychological benefits.

McDonald (2000b) discusses another type of decision-making - Risk Aversion Theory - which he says is also unfavourable to the birth rate. According to this theory, when we make important decisions in our lives life, if we perceive uncertainty in our environment, we usually err on the side of safety in order to board studies avert risk. McDonald points to a rise in economic uncertainty which he thinks has steered a lot of young people away from life-changing decisions like marriage and parenthood: Jobs are no longer lifetime jobs. There is a strong economic cycle of booms and busts.

Geographic mobility may be required for writing a thesis proposal, employment purposes (McDonald, 2000: p.15). Birrell (2003) focuses on increased economic uncertainty for trees gift nature essay, men. Referring to the situation in Australia, he discusses men#039;s reluctance to writing proposal form families in terms of thesis submission, perceived costs and writing risks: Many men are poor - in 2001, 42 per cent of men aged 25-44 earnt less than $32,000 a year. Only two-thirds of graduate thesis submission, men in this age group were in full-time work. Young men considering marriage could hardly be unaware of the risks of a thesis proposal, marital breakdown or the long-term costs, especially when children are involved (Birrell, 2003: p.12). And Yuji Genda (2000) in Japan, responding to Yamada#039;s analysis of parasite singles, argues that the failure of young Japanese to leave home and start families is not due to self-indulgence, but is an understandable response to increasingly difficult economic circumstances. Investigating. Genda (2000) notes that it is the writing young who have had to bear the brunt of the decade long restructuring of the Japanese economy, with youth unemployment hovering around 10% and a marked reduction in secure full-time jobs for the young. Young people around the women in slavery essay world seem to have an increasing perception of economic uncertainty and contemplate something their parents would have found impossible - a decline in living standards over their lifetime.

According to a 1990 American survey, two thirds of respondents in the 18-29 age group thought it would be more difficult for their generation to live as comfortably as previous generations (cited in Newman, 2000: p.505). Furthermore, around 70% believed they would have difficulty purchasing a house, and around 50% were worried about their future. Findings like these suggest that the younger generation may be reluctant to writing proposal have children, not because they have more exciting things to do, but because they have doubts about their capacity to provide as parents. If we accept that economics has played a significant role in young people choosing to have fewer babies, then the key to reversing this trend is for governments to take action to remove this sense of insecurity. A number of policy approaches have been suggested. Some writers have focussed on the need for thesis submission, better welfare provisions for families - like paid parental leave, family allowances, access to child care, etc (Chesnais, 1998). Others have called for more radical economic reforms that would increase job security and raise the living standards of the young (McDonald, 2000b). Writing A Thesis. It is trees hard to know what remedies are needed. What seems clear, however, is that young people are most unlikely to writing proposal reproduce simply because their elders have told them that it is selfish to do otherwise. Castigating the young will not have the trees gift effect of proposal, making them willing parents; instead it is likely to writing for medical application just make them increasingly resentful children. Ashby, J. (2000).

Parasite singles: Problem or victims? The Japan Times. A Thesis. 7/04/02. Birrell, B. (2003). Fertility crisis: why you can#039;t blame the blokes. The Age 17/01/03 p. 14. Chesnais, J-C. (1998). Below-replacement fertility in women in slavery essay, the European Union: Facts and Policies, 1960-1997. Review of writing a thesis proposal, Population and Social Policy, No 7, pp. 83-101. Genda, Y. (2000).

A debate on Japan#039;s Dependent Singles, Japan Echo, June, 2000, pp. 47-56. Ichimura, S. and N. Ogawa (2000). Policies to meet the challenge of an aging society with declining fertility: Japan and school application other East Asian countries. Paper presented at a thesis proposal, the 2000 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Los Angeles, USA. McDonald, P. Essay Camping. (2000a).

Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses. People and Place, No 8:2. pp 6-21. McDonald, P. Proposal. (2000b). The toolbox of public policies to impact on fertility - a global view. Paper prepared for the Annual Seminar 2000 of the European Observatory on Family Matters, Low Fertility, families and Public Policies, Sevilla (Spain), 15-16 September 2000. Norton, A. (2003).

Student debt: A HECS on fertility? Issue Analysis No 3. Melbourne: Centre for Independent Studies. Newman, D. (2000). Sociology: Exploring the architecture of everyday life. California: Pine Forge. Notice what the question is asking students to do - in this case saying how much they agree with the women #039;view#039; in the topic. What do you think?

Is this a reasonable explanation for the declining birthrate? Hint: always spend some time looking over and thinking about an essay topic before you start your planning and writing proposal reading for it. As part of this thinking, you should give some thought to what your position (argument) could be. Notice how in business process case study, the introduction, this student writer: introduces the topic area in a general way (ie. declining birthrates) introduces the main issue to be covered in the essay (ie. Proposal. why this is happening). Hint: there are many different ways you can begin an essay - if you are stuck, try beginning with i) and ii). In the last part of the management introduction, the student introduces his argument. Notice how he disagrees with the explanation in the topic, and then offers an alternative explanation. Hint: in the introduction it is always a good idea to state what you intend to argue. In this paragraph, the student considers the first part of the topic - that birth rates have fallen.

This is presented as background information. Notice how the student begins the paragraph with a claim (that the birth rate has fallen dramatically in writing a thesis proposal, many parts of the world) and essay camping then supports this with relevant evidence (statistics from Europe and Asia). Hint: in your writing be aware when you are making claims - be aware also of the need to support them with some evidence. After giving some background in paragraph 2, the writing a thesis student reminds the reader what the main issue is - why birthrates have declined? Notice also that the student has seen the board graduate submission issue as a #039;problem#039; - and asks What can be done about it? Hint: always be aware what the main issue is you are addressing in your work. This paragraph mainly summarises the ideas of those who think young people are to a thesis proposal blame for declining birthrates. Notice how in the first part of the paragraph, these ideas are discussed in nature essay, a general way. In the writing a thesis proposal second part, the student focuses on the ideas of trees gift nature essay, a single writer (Yamada) as a specific example of this view.

Hint: always try to find opportunities in your work to engage with the ideas of individual writers. The previous paragraph was concerned with summarising some ideas. Notice how in this new paragraph, the a thesis proposal student provides a critique of essay camping, these ideas. Writing A Thesis Proposal. (Recall the student#039;s argument in investigating the young modulus wire coursework, the introduction: . to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful). Notice too that the student provides some supporting evidence for this critique - mainly from the work of McDonald. Hint: it is writing a thesis proposal quite OK to criticise the ideas of other writers - in fact many essay topics will specifically ask you to do this.

But if you are going to be critical, you need to provide good reasons for essay camping, your critique. Recall that the topic suggested that young people were to blame for writing a thesis proposal, declining birthrates - and then went on to single out women. In this paragraph, the student takes up this gender issue. Hint: aim to the young modulus coursework structure your essays so that all issues in the topic are covered - and in some logical sequence. In this paragraph the student seeks to dismiss the view that young women are to blame. (There are several problems with this argument).Notice that the student then goes on to explain these problems (For one. ; Another problem is that . ). Hint: the providing of a well-organised critique is writing a thesis something your lecturers will value highly in your work. Recall the second part of the student#039;s argument stated in the introduction: The best explanation is to be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The student now elaborates on this part of the argument. Hint: remember that the argument is the key to any essay you write.

In the body of your essay, you need to be sure that your argument comes through clearly. Providing evidence for the argument. The student is gift essay arguing that economic insecurity experienced by young people is the main reason why the birthrate is in decline. Notice how in the rest of the essay, he seeks to support this argument with various forms of evidence. The student presents a range of evidence: several theories discussed by McDonald some research by Birrell comments by writing a thesis proposal Genda results of thesis, a US survey. Hint: it is important to have an argument in writing proposal, your essay. But it is writing application equally important to provide support for what you are arguing. Your essays will be judged mainly on your ability to do these two things. There are a number of things happening in the conclusion. In the first sentence, the student restates his argument - if we accept that. . Proposal. He then goes on to discuss what could be done to deal with the problem. In broad terms this is a discussion of the implications of the students#039; argument.

Notice also how the essay camping student mentions the negative implications of the blaming approach. Hint: a conclusion that only restates the argument can be a bit uninteresting. Writing A Thesis. You might also like to consider the implications of your argument - but you should do this briefly. Think: I have argued for this position - so what might follow on from this. You may have noticed that this essay is gift quite tightly structured. Its paragraph structure can be set out thus:

Introduction Background to issue Explanation point 1 - summary student#039;s critique Explanation point 2 - summary student#039;s critique Student#039;s alternative explanation - Evidence 1 - Evidence 2 - Evidence 3 Conclusion. Hint: always try to writing map out a structure for your essay. Do this before you do too much writing. You may have noticed that the essay is board thesis submission free of proposal, spelling, typographical and grammatical errors. Hint: always read your work very carefully before you submit it. Avoid doing your editing on the screen. Always print out and edit from a hard copy. Note in the references section, you need to list all the texts you have referred to (cited) in the essay - not all the texts you have read, as some students mistakenly believe. Nature. Notice that the proposal sample essay refers to essay camping a total of nine texts. This is a good number, and a thesis proposal indicates that the student has done a fair amount of reading. Hint: try to include a reference to most of the texts that you read for an essay - so that you can build up a reasonable list of references.

Of course, all references have to essay camping be relevant to writing a thesis proposal your argument. Notice how the student uses I in his essay: The best explanation, I believe, is. And in the previous sentence, another first person pronoun is used: My argument is that . Some students have the impression that they are not allowed to use these words in modulus coursework, their written work. But in fact they can often be found in academic writing. In general, the writing a thesis best place to use them is in the introduction - when you are presenting your argument. But if you are concerned that it is not OK to use I, you can use other expressions - which avoid self-reference, but which mean much the same thing, e.g. This essay will argue that . Remember though, that the really important issue is not the words you use to present your argument - but that your essay actually has a clear argument. Try to keep your paragraphs a reasonable length. (Most paragraphs in this essay are around 7-8 sentences long.)

Citations are used to studies indicate the source of the ideas you have used in your essay. Note that there are two main citation systems: the author-date system (also known as Harvard); the footnote system (also known as Oxford). In this essay, the author-date system has been used. (Always check which system is a thesis required in each of your subjects.) Citation 2 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) Citations can be set out in a number of ways. One method is to present some information and then provide the essay camping citation immediately after it to indicate the source. These are known as #039;information-prominent#039; citations eg:

Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000). Other formats are considered further on. Citation 3 Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) This citation means that the student is dealing with the ideas of Yamada, but actually read about them in writing a thesis proposal, Ashby#039;s text. Whilst you should make an effort to read ideas in their original form, this is not always possible. In such cases, use the #039;cited in#039; format. When you are summarising the ideas of a writer, you need to use reporting expressions like the ones used here:

He [Yamada] uses the term . According to Yamada. You use these to distance yourself from certain language. eg. when you are using an informal expression, or a term used by others that you don#039;t necessarily agree with. In this paragraph, the student wants to reject the view in the topic - that young people#039;s selfishness is to blame for school application, the declining birthrate. Notice how he does this in a careful way, by using expressions like: Findings like this suggest that . It seems then that . Being careful about the way you express your claims is writing proposal a distinctive feature of graduate studies, academic style. When you quote an author (like Chesnais here) you need to use quotation marks, and indicate the writing a thesis exact page number in the citation. Sometimes you may need to change the essay writing school application wording of the quote slightly so that it fits into your sentence. If you need to add/change any words, use [ ]; if you need to delete words, use . Writing Proposal. (Whilst it is OK to change the wording of a quote, you must never change its sense.) Use italics when you want to emphasise a word. (When you do this in a quote, you need to board thesis submission indicate that it is your emphasis.) It#039;s OK to use dot points in an essay (or numbered points here), but use them very sparingly.

Citation 4 Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses. Notice how in a thesis proposal, some citations the board graduate studies author can be part of the sentence: Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses some of the things etc. Writing Proposal. This is known as an #039;author-prominent#039; citation and is very common in academic writing. Notice the use of reporting verbs in this citation type (discusses). Use #039;inverted commas#039; for the title of an article. Use italics for the title of business management case, a book. Notice some of the other reporting expressions used in proposal, the student#039;s summary of Peter McDonald#039;s ideas: . what McDonald calls.

. McDonald points to . . which he thinks. It#039;s very important to make it clear to your reader when one paragraph ends and the young wire coursework a new one begins. In this paragraph (#9), there is some potential for writing, confusion. Notice how the student has used indenting to make this clear. Quotes of more than one sentence in length should be separated from the main text. Notice how these are indented and are in a slightly smaller font. Again you should indicate the page number. You only have to provide a separate list of essay camping, references when you use the author-date system. Entries should be set out in alphabetical order. Writing. Each entry should generally be set out in the following order and format: Author family name, Initial. Business Management Study. (date).

Title. Place: Publisher. It is becoming increasingly common for a thesis proposal, students to refer to sources from the gift nature essay world wide web in their essays. In addition to providing author and title of proposal, site, you need to include: the URL for the site when you accessed the site. Although web references can be very useful, you obviously need to exercise some caution - there is a lot of junk around.

Check all sites carefully to essay be sure the information provided has credibility (.edu and a thesis proposal .org sites are generally the board graduate studies more reliable). Problems? Questions? Comments? Please provide us feedback.

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Essay on City Life vs. Village Life (2465 words) Essay on City Life vs. Village Life! One of the most striking features of industrial age is the growth of city life. In ancient times the people mostly lived in villages being engaged in agriculture.

Cities arose here and there as centres of trade or seats of government. Today in all industrialized countries the situation has been reversed. The urban population in England and the United States has expanded continuously over the rural population. New facilities of transport and communication have brought thousands of people nearer to each other and made it convenient for them to live together in large aggregations. Writing Proposal! The growth of cities is a special feature of modern age and as the women in slavery essay city grows the whole character of writing proposal, society undergoes a change. There is a sharp difference between the city and village life though with the expansion of urban influence on the village this difference is becoming more and more a matter of degree. However, in spite of the recent trends of urbanisation the villages still retain many of their traditional features and present a sharp contrast with the the young of a wire coursework urban life. In rural community the force of traditional mores and the bonds of family solidarity are more dominant than in the urban community.

According to Biesanz and a thesis proposal, Biesanz, “In the rural community custom is the king, the folkways and mores control most of behaviour,” The sense of group responsibility which tends to be more and more dissolved in the growth of the city prevails in village life. The type of village family is generally patriarchal in modulus of a, which the status of the individual is the status of his family. There is proposal less individual questioning and rebellion. The family determines as to whether and whom the graduate studies submission individual should marry for the maintenance of family name. There is lesser freedom in the selection of life partner. There are few love-marriages. Not only marriage but also religion, recreation, occupation pre determined by family traditions. Any deviation from the establish-id family traditions especially in sex matters, is regarded an writing, offence against family unity and hardly tolerated. The life of all men and women is merged in writing for medical application, family life.

In short, family dominates individual’s life in village community. Writing A Thesis! Moreover, the village community is too small to support a missionary society, like a Rotary Club. The family is the only organisation which performs the task of aid and protection. For such functions there is no formal organisation with a president and women, secretary. On the other hand, in the city community life is conspicuous by the absence of family life. The anonymous character of the city frees the urban dweller from close moral control.

Social control becomes the activity of specialized agencies. Family control is lessened. Writing A Thesis Proposal! Police and courts, teachers and social workers take over the regulatory functions of the family circle. A “free lance” detached from family bonds is looked askance at in the village while such a person, even his norms of conduct, sexual and otherwise may pass unnoticed in the city and be admitted to those places where high class gentry goes. If a person violates family marriage customs he- is not boycotted by the urban community, an impersonalized world. According to Davis, “He can escape the oppressive control of any primary group when he wishes, simply by disappearing into the sea of strangers.” It may also be noted that the urban life is more regulated by process study, the State than the proposal rural life is regulated.

Even minor matters like disposal of garbage and refuse cannot be left to voluntary action. The government acquires many functions, some of essay camping, which are community housekeeping duties. Thus, in a city as opposed to the village the mores and writing proposal, folkways are least counted on to handle the situation. In other words, the larger the essay for medical school application city, the greater becomes the problem of control and the more complex the agencies of writing, secondary control. Secondly, a village community is marked by immediate contacts between its members.

There is a strong ‘we-feeling’ in the rural community. We find members in a village community helping each other and sharing the joys and sorrows of each other. In the village everybody is known to board graduate studies submission everybody. Their relations are personal. Customers are not mere strangers but persons with whom all are acquainted. From such contacts each person knows a great deal about his neighbours, their activities, preferences and a thesis proposal, attitudes. Status of women in slavery, each one in the village community is well known. Written contracts are less important than a word of honour. Crime in village community is rare. Since there is little secrecy, stolen goods cannot be used and are difficult to dispose of.

Things are done by a thesis, mutual understanding. In city life, on the other hand, nearness counts much less. The inhabitants of a city hardly know each other. Sometimes, they do not know even their next-door neighbour nothing to speak of influencing their activities. In a big city like Bombay people living in the lower storey do not know the people living in the third or fourth storey. There is an atmosphere of indifference and callousness in a city. In a city like Calcutta, an inhabitant may spend a whole day in the street and never see a person he knows, though he may see tens of thousands of people. Even friend are likely to be known only in a particular context and in a particular segment of life. In the essay camping words of Gist and Halbert, ‘The city encourages impersonal rather than personal relationships.” Most of the relations are indirect.

Competition has a far greater velocity in proposal, the city than in the village. Life in a village community is simple and uniform. There are few ambitious men and fewer excitements. The villagers lead a uniform life tilling land and rearing animals. Their standard of living is lower than that of the town because the means of earning money are limited. Trees Essay! They view land as the most substantial of all heritages.

Agriculture is their major occupation. When oppressive taxes or other measures threaten their ownership of land, they align themselves with radical movements as happened in Soviet Russia. The standard of living of the urban people is higher. They are more prodigal than the village people. Country life suggests ‘save’, City life suggests ‘spend’. The poor turning rich overnight or the rich being reduced to beggary in one day are cases unknown in the village.

The man of writing a thesis proposal, enterprise and adventurous spirit has no place in rural community. The city dweller becomes indifferent to extremes of all kinds. Indeed the the young modulus of a coursework distinction between public and writing proposal, private, between what is shown and what is concealed, is case much sharper in the city. It is the public behaviour that the a thesis city regulates, the private behaviour it ignores. Another contrast between village and graduate studies, urban community is concerning the modes of production.

In the village as a rule, only a predominant type of occupation, Le., agriculture prevails. Each family bakes its own bread and does its own washing, for all the environment, physical as well as social, is the same. The city, on the other hand, is the place for all, the semiskilled worker, the skilled artisan, the “paper-expert”, the technician, the artist, the banker, the a thesis proposal teacher, the social reformer and many others. It is a heterogeneous group of women, people engaged in writing proposal, various pursuits. Investigating Modulus! The city tasks are divided and sub-divided to such an extreme that even the work of unskilled labour becomes specialized. The trend in the urban world is clearly in the direction of a larger percentage of specialized work leading to a multiplicity of organisations, economic and social. The residents of a city become affiliated with a number of organisations. Their social relations are mostly indirect and writing proposal, secondary.

Members of a single family frequently belong to different organisations. Studies Thesis Submission! Since these various organisations have different customs and procedures, there is writing proposal opportunity for confusion and lack of understanding. The process of selection for the specialized work is keener. The management selects those who are best specialized in the work and ruthlessly reject all those who fall below the competitive standard. The owner of special ability has greater chances of quick promotion. The individual is rated more in terms of accomplishments than he is rated in the rural community. The city sifts and segregates all of the business process study members according to their ability and finds a fit place for each. It provides public schools for writing proposal the wealthy and private schools for the poor. It also provides distinctive schools for elementary, higher, technical, cultural and professional education. It even provides separate schools for defective persons, e.g. Deaf and Dumb school.

The city requires and promotes great social mobility. It lays emphasis on achievement rather than the ascription of status. The urban dweller can raise or lower his status to a remarkable degree during his life time. Business Process Management! The caste element in social stratification is minimized. Status centres on the occupation, on the nature and competence of the writing a thesis activity, rather than on the accident of birth.

As opposed to the village in a city social climbing is most prevalent. Sorokin and Zimmermann have written, “The rural community is investigating modulus wire coursework similar to calm waters in a pool and the urban community to boiling water in writing proposal, a kettle. Stability is the typical trait for the one mobility is the process management case typical trait for the other.” Specialization is also seen in the physical structure of the city. Distinctive areas are marked for different activities. Chandigarh, the capital of Punjab State, has been divided into different sectors, each sector with marked peculiarities.

In the western world specialization of areas has been carried to a greater extent than in India. The structure varies from city to city in accordance with the size, site and a thesis, needs, of the essay writing for medical school application city, but generally everywhere in the western world there is a clear division of space into zones of business activity, of low rentals and residential congestion, of transitory abode, of “middle-class” residence, of writing a thesis proposal, industrial concentration, and so forth. Specialization in board studies submission, the city has also influenced the life of women. If the social life had remained predominantly a village life, women would have been the drudges in a thesis, the household. Industrialization and specialization have brought women to workshop and factory. They have entered into the wider life which has altered their outlook and habits and liberated them from the exclusiveness of domesticity. As MacIver observes, ‘The individualization of women has been fostered by urban life and essay camping, the resulting freer reciprocity of relationship between men and women, as individuals, is exercising and will doubtless continue to writing a thesis proposal exercise, since the process is still advancing, a significant influence on the whole structure of society.” The city community evokes in business management study, man the qualities which stand in sharp contrast with those demanded by rural community. The village calls for persistence, a more stern and dogged fidelity to the way of life. He is fatalistic and is in constant contact with nature. He sees nature as the a thesis proposal practical worker who must wrest a living from the process case soil.

He sees nature as friend and enemy, as the ripened of crops and sender of rains. The forces of nature are beyond his control and reckoning. He is attached to- rituals and becomes superstitious and religious. The city requires alertness and quicker responses to changing situations. A Thesis! The city dweller is more tolerant in matters of religious beliefs, modes of life, tastes and opinions. According to Bogardus, “Rural people are frank, open and genuine; they scorn the artificiality or many phases of city life.”

The city is ruled by impersonality of law and the caprice of fashion. In a rural community the rural moral codes are fixed and strict. Any violation of them leads to investigating the young of a wire bitter estrangements and sometimes to writing personal tragedies. In a rural community there is much mutual aid. If a house is to be mud plastered, a feast given or a sickness nursed, the neighbours come in to help. Business Case Study! There is an atmosphere of kindliness.

There is a good deal of visiting, several times daily, between the people. Writing! In an board studies submission, urban community there is no strong ‘we feeling’. A Thesis Proposal! The absence of a common mode of occupation and the great impersonality of city life narrow the urbanite’s attachments and detract from his feeling of identification with the whole community. The secondary and voluntary character of urban association, the multiplicity of opportunities, and the social mobility all force the individual to make his own decisions and to plan his life as a career. The city instead of suppressing the individuality emphasizes it. The competitiveness of the city places the individual over against board studies thesis, everyone else he is not inexorably tied to any particular relationship or cause. A Thesis Proposal! He leaves one city to live in another city and does not feel any loss; but a countryman when uprooted from his village surroundings sheds tears from his eyes. Economic advancement and abundance of opportunities are common incentives of the city. The young men and women leave the rural community for urban community because the latter affords those more opportunities for employment and profits. But sometimes the men coming from the village may have to face disappointment and despair in the city.

So one should leave the village for city after a deep and careful thought. The above are then the features that distinguish rural from urban life. In Slavery Essay! In the city “opposite conditions are found”, aggregation ; instead of physical isolation; associations of many kind’s supplementing or supplanting the functions of family or categorical relationships; contacts with human beings and civilization diversity superseding contacts with nature; differentiation of economic classes and specialization of economic tasks, ranking and grading men in ways often unknown in the country; limited and intensified work, with its endless varieties and disparities of opportunity and of fortune creating an writing proposal, intricate design of competitive living traditionally alien to the rural sense.” It may, however, be pointed out that urbanization of the rural population has reduced the differences between rural and urban community. The urban influence on the rural people can be seen in matters like social organisation, family organisation, food habits, standard of living, dress habits, cosmetics, religion, rituals, beliefs etc. The rural people are taking over the urban modes of life and as this has been happening, the rural way of life has been withering away. The more the villages are linked with the city through modes of business management case, transport and communication, the faster will be the proposal urban influence on the rural life. This may lead to in slavery assimilation of the rural people into the urban way of life thereby eliminating the attitudinal and proposal, other cultural differences between townsmen and countrymen.

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