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black rain essay Reflections on Hiroshima and Nuclear War in ap english language essay, Japanese Film. by Robert Feleppa. In the literature on atomic bomb-related themes in Japanese cinema we find a number of trends. Some films—surprisingly few—are intended as open social protests of America’s use of the bombs. There are critics who see the bombings as the key stimulus to engineering entire film genres, including the works of language 2007 Yasujiro Ozu and others, concerned as they were with rapid post-war social transformations and their related spiritual costs. There are others who see the science-fiction genre, especially the Godzilla films, as the main cinematic legacy of the bombings and essay engineering career, identify in this genre—and its natural extension into anime films—deep insights into transformations in Japanese attitudes and social relations. Finally, there are those films which perceive in the experience of Hiroshima and 2007, Nagasaki indications of broader spiritual and social dynamics with very real, apocalyptic potential. It is the films in on the book thief, this latter category that I wish to consider here, since they evoke a cautionary attitude best suited to the spirit of Hiroshima—one I believe is ap english language 2007 essay, especially important to encourage in our students, given America’s growing emphasis on aggressive foreign policy and technological war-making.
1. The lack of protest films in career, the 1950’s and subsequent decades primarily resulted from the suppression of Hiroshima protest films during the occupation, the language reluctance of directors to be associated with the political left, and the policy of Japanese distributors to show protest films infrequently, in remote venues, with little promotion. Also significant, Donald Richie argues, are certain cultural factors: while Western and other non-Japanese critics of the bombings saw them as atrocities, the critical for nurses Japanese saw them as closer in species to earthquakes and other natural disasters. Richie remarks that the basic view of the bomb in early documentaries 2 was. . . Essay. . in effect “This happened; it is all over and finished, but isn’t it too bad? Still, this world is a transient place and this too is engineering, sad; what we feel today we forget tomorrow; this is 2007 essay, not as it perhaps should be, but it is as it is.” This awareness of evanescence and the resulting lamentation has a term in Japanese: mono no aware [translatable as “sympathetic sadness” or “inescapable sadness of living”]. It indicates a feeling for the transience of all earthly things; it involves a near-Buddhistic insistence upon recognition of the eternal flux of life upon this earth. This is the authentic Japanese attitude toward death and disaster (once an interval has passed). (Richie 1996, p. 22) This is certainly one reasonably effective form of reconciliation and integration. However, note that Richie calls this a “near-Buddhistic” attitude, and engaged anthropology, being a man who chooses his words carefully, I think he indicates that there is reason to see this attitude as falling short of a genuinely Buddhist one. To be sure, Buddhism advises against attachment to things in ignorance of life’s transience, and against adding to the sufferings by pointless ego-expressions like resentment. But from a Buddhist—and humanistic—point of 2007 essay view, if, as the Four Noble Truths make plain, the reduction of needless suffering is paramount, then such passive acceptance is not desirable if it perpetuates or threatens to perpetuate suffering.
The films I have chosen to highlight do not rest with mono no aware reconciliation. They force us to feel a deep and unsettling sense of unfinished business, if not outrage. And they beg us to channel these feelings toward the reduction of suffering. In their ways they rebel against the notion that we should get over all this, because, after all, suffering is inevitable. Yet, on business plan company, the other hand, they avoid what I think Shudong Chen was right to ap english characterize in an earlier paper in this conference as a myopic, nationalistic emphasis on victimization. Three major films dealing directly with Hiroshima in the Japanese popular cinema have reached Western audiences: Record of A Living Being and Rhapsody in essay on the book thief, August , by language, Akira Kurosawa; and Black Rain , by Shohei Imamura.
Here I will focus on essay thief, Black Rain and Record of A Living Being , by far the more effective of anti-war statements. I will also say something about Kurosawa’s later Dreams , which picks up on and very effectively expresses many of the themes in these films. Although the direction these later films take may have been molded by occupation and post-occupation censorship of language political criticism, they draw on the immense symbolic power of Hiroshima in useful and important ways. Anthropology Essays. Black Rain (Kuroi Ame) Shohei Imamura’s 1988 film (based on the novel of the same name by Masuji Ibuse) centers on the experiences of a young woman, Yasuko; her aunt, Shigeko; and her uncle, Shigematsu. Ap English Language 2007 Essay. It examines in detail the post-nuclear effects on the life of a woman poisoned by business, the fallout-laden black rain of the ap english 2007 Hiroshima blast and on her family and her village.
As Dorsey and Matsuoka note, despite his intention to depict plainly the direct and indirect consequences of the business plan for clothing company bombing and to essay make a very clear statement about the events surrounding them—as opposed to merely reporting about them—Imamura “said that he chose to work in on the book thief, ‘a quiet voice.’” He thus faced criticism both from commentators “who favor strong political statements and from those who prefer that art have nothing to language essay do with politics.” (1996, p. 204) There is an engineering undeniable tone of mono no aware in ap english language, Black Rain , and essay ethics, a number of critics have noted thematic and 2007, stylistic similarities between this film and the films of plan for clothing company Ozu dealing with the long-term impact of post- war factors on the fabric of ap english Japanese social life. However, the film is pervaded by a sense of urgency and unresolved injustice that takes an important step beyond mono no aware reconciliation. Indeed, in for clothing company, a recent discussion of the ap english essay film Carole Cavanaugh remarks on the significance of its release date, which came at the moment of Japan’s broadest economic expansion up to that point: “When Imamura’s film was released, Japan had become a superpower economically and engineering career, the Japan that can say, ‘No!’ to the United States politically.” (2001, p. 254) The movie opens on the day before the bombing of ap english language 2007 essay Hiroshima—August 5th, 1945. It focuses on scenes of on the thief daily, mundane life, presumably in an effort to emphasize the ap english language 2007 essay bombing’s sudden and staggering disruption of life. There is a powerful account of the detonation itself. The film is shot in black and white in a way that calls to mind a life gone by—reminiscent of the documentaries once common in cinema programs. It also reduces the business potential for gaudy sensationalism that color might introduce, allowing Imamura to keep his audience’s eyes trained steadily on some rather horrific depictions of grossly burned and panicked victims. Here is a clip of the film’s opening sequence: [ Yasuko is participating in a tea ceremony in the countryside several miles from Hiroshima as the bomber flies over. Shigematsu is in a train station in Hiroshima, and is caught in the direct chaos of the explosion.
On seeing the flash, Yasuko runs outside and watches the blooming mushroom cloud. She takes a boat to Hiroshima after the blast to be with her family. She is caught in the black rain. ] The opening sequence—and several subsequent flashbacks to it—suggest that there is something more than a quiet voice at work here. They do more than underscore certain of the film’s characterological aspects, for instance the guilt Yasuko’s uncle feels for essay, having taken his family to his factory in Hiroshima right after the blast. The intent of the opening sequence and its recurrence is not to research dwell on language essay, the horror of the work ethics bomb’s immediate effects, but to impress upon the audience how suddenly life can turn from ordinary routine to nightmarish horror. Ap English 2007 Essay. The film focuses not on the bomb’s immediate impact, but, on the contrary, on essay, its indirect effects. Ironically, of the three central figures, Shigematsu turns out to be one of the few long-term survivors. Much of Black Rain ’s cinematic force resides in its depiction of life five years after the blast (the point at language which Abuse’s novel begins), in Fukuyama city. The family has survived the worst of the war, everything is for clothing company, back to normal, and the family is engaged in the everyday business of finding Yasuko a marriage partner.
Yet there are immediate reminders of the past directly affecting the present: Yasuko visits a clinic to get a certificate of health. Her uncle tries to interest her in a plant whose leaves are supposedly good for fighting off radiation sickness. American planes are flying constantly overhead. Language 2007. There are continuous news reports of the Korean conflict and on social work, of the possible use of atomic weapons in it. Ap English. Imamura’s main concern here is to show how the ‘survivors’ have become victims. Yasuko, who now lives with Shigeko and Shigematsu, has advanced well into her marriageable years, but has received no proposal for marriage because potential suitors have doubts about essay book her health. At the time of the explosion, Yasuko was, as we saw, outside the city, but while traveling to ap english language essay search for her relatives after the blast, she was caught in a shower of radioactive black rain.
She tries to essay on the book thief convince each suitor she is in excellent health and ap english language 2007, produces paperwork to prove it (thus making suitors wonder why the paperwork is essay on social, even necessary, if she is indeed healthy). She finds herself profoundly torn by the conflict between her deep desire to marry, which her family shares, and her inclination to ap english stay home, which would break up what she terms their “community bound by the bomb.” There is thief, no single scene that carries the full meaning of Yasuko and her family’s shared plight; rather, the contours of their suffering are drawn out gradual- point of an American aircraft. This calls to mind not only the typical perspective on 2007, the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki—assumed from a respectful, safe distance—but also the news broadcasts of the Gulf War and the current Iraq invasion. To be sure, “embedded” reporters got viewers a little closer to the action in the second Iraq war; but their coverage provided no palpable sense of the suffering and chaotic confusion experienced by Iraqi victims. Much of this war appears to have been fought from a safe distance—as exemplified in images recently broadcast on CNN of high-tech soldiers in camouflage uniforms controlling ‘smart’ weaponry from behind rows of computers. In summary, the lessons of Black Rain are these: the essay career damage inflicted by nuclear weapons—and other weapons that deeply distort natural processes— goes well beyond their physical effects, hideous though these may be.
They also tear apart the fabric of society—especially in ap english essay, this case, given the strong interdependence and intimacy of business for clothing company personal relationships in ap english 2007, Japanese society. Essay Work. But the lesson of course extends to all of humanity. Record of a Living Being / I Live in Fear (Ikimono no Kiroku) In this 1955 film, Mr. Nakajima (played by an almost unrecognizable Toshiro Mifune), a 60-year old foundry owner, decides he must move his family after a period of brooding over the Second World War’s end and the so-called Bikini incident, in which an unexpectedly large detonation on the Bikini atoll poisoned the crew members of the Japanese vessel Lucky Dragon . He develops a deep fear for language 2007 essay, the future of mankind, and for his family in particular, one that is selected, so compelling that he tries to convince them to move to Brazil to get away from the danger. His motivation is ap english 2007 essay, very close to that of Kurosawa’s own in making the on social film, caught up as he was in the widespread anti-war sentiment spurred in Japan by the Bikini blast. Nakajima’s family worries about his psychological instability—especially insofar as it threatens their financial security—and at the film’s opening we learn that they have convinced his wife to take him to court in an effort to have him declared mentally incompetent. The family wins the essay case, but the father immediately appeals, and engaged anthropology essays, the ensuing legal battle rages in the background throughout the film. In the foreground is a series of ap english 2007 compelling tableaux in which Nakajima appeals to his family members, individually and collectively, to see his way of thinking. Also significant is a dentist who, having served as an advisor to exercises the court, harbors deep reservations about the court’s initial decision. This character continually raises Kurosawa’s central question in Black Rain : who is mad or irrational? Nakajima or the language essay society around him?
I want to look at three scenes in which the essay on social Hiroshima bomb image is especially prevalent. It might be hard to take someone so insane seriously, but we are ultimately won over by Nakajima’s sincerity and compassion. The following scene, in which he argues with his younger son and daughter-in-law, gives some flavor of his character and his madness, while also calling Hiroshima to mind: [ As Nakajima discusses his plans, jet planes are heard passing by low overhead. Suddenly there is a bright flash of light, and he dashes into the next room and crouches over his grandson, gathering him up in his arms. The child begins to cry. There is a clap of thunder followed by rain.
His daughter, with a horrified look on her face, grabs the frightened child away from him. 2007 Essay. ] The bombing figures again in the next scene as the subject of conversation. It also forces a comparison between Nakajima’s ‘mad’ logic and the ‘sane’ logic of essay selected his second son, who sees no reason to worry about the ap english 2007 essay bomb: [ Nakajima is once again at his younger son’s house. Nakajima holds his grandson in his arms. There is a strange and continuous rumbling of thunder. In an career effort to provoke his father, the son remarks that the weather is odd and that newspapers blame it on ap english, atomic testing, and that if there is a war, Japan is a likely place for business for clothing, radioactivity to drift. He remarks on the gruesome effects of ap english 2007 radiation. Parodying mono no aware thinking, he then he tries to convince his father that there is engineering, no point in worrying about what cannot be helped and that he should simply focus, as the son does, on his own life plans and on his own and his family’s happiness. Nakajima grabs a newspaper which has an article about the ap english 2007 atomic threat bearing the headline ‘A Weapon to Massacre Humanity’ and company, a picture of a mushroom cloud. Nakajima shouts “They’ve created a monster” and makes another desperate appeal to his son and daughter-in-law to leave with him. ] Nakajima meets with his entire family to make one more effort to 2007 essay sway them by begging them to join him—thus behaving in a manner most unbecoming of a family patriarch. Selected. The argument ends when he collapses.
Later, upon waking on ap english language, the floor below, he overhears that it is their fear of losing the steady income from engaged, his successful foundry that fuels their opposition to his plan. Thus he decides to burn down the foundry, an action which of course seals the loss of his appeal and ultimately lands him in an asylum. Ap English. In this last scene the research dentist comes to visit him: [ Nakajima is now quite insane. He believes he is 2007, living on another nearby planet. He asks the dentist if many people are left alive. Essay. When he is told they are, he warns that they had better change their ways before it is too late.
Suddenly, he sees the rising sun through his window, and mistakes it for a fiery explosion. He shouts “It’s burning, it’s burning! The earth is at last on 2007 essay, fire!” ] Cavanaugh is essay engineering, critical of the turn in Japanese post-war cinema I Live In Fear represents. Although it sought to be a plain statement of protest about the impact of the ap english language 2007 essay nuclear threat on all humanity, she believes this film solidified Japan’s avoidance of protest against the bombings themselves, and redirected attention to confronting the psychological effects of the business plan company current nuclear threat: “With this film Japan’s most ‘international’ director redirected nuclear cinema along the psychological lines of the American B movie, and it was his apprentice, Honda Ishiro, who would turn that threat into the cartoonish Godzilla . . . . the first in a globally successful series of monster films for export.” (2001, p. 250) Richie speaks in more approving terms of the film’s steadfast rejection of both the political extreme of blaming America for ap english language, the bomb, on the one hand, and the mono no aware theme of sad acceptance and career, moving on, on 2007 essay, the other. It refuses to become reconciled to the dangers. In this it is a valuable riposte to an attitude that accepts but does not change. In the following remark, Richie nicely captures what I consider to essay be the film’s intended significance, and makes plain its connections to Black Rain : This film differs from the usual atom bomb film in many ways.
First, it recognizes that the bomb is out of language essay control, that no one single country owns it, that it is one of the facts of existence in critical thinking exercises, this century. Then, it offers no panacea whatever, no talk of how nice it would be if every one stopped testing it. Too, there is no indication that the director believes Japan alone is ap english language 2007, threatened; rather it is made clear that the film is not so much about a Japanese family in danger as it is about people, about any family, anywhere, in danger. What it offers is an object lesson on for clothing company, what it means to live under this fear, and of how one man and his family are wrecked by the fear alone. There is a further hint that this fear is well founded, that this fear is only the beginning. (1996, p. 32) David Desser notes that although it is the dentist’s job to 2007 essay determine whether the essay selected snobberies father is competent to continue to run his business.
He seriously doubts Nakajima’s sanity, but, Desser continues. . . . the dentist, recognizing that Mifune is paralyzed by fear, also recognizes a core of sanity in his soul. Is it madness to ap english 2007 essay fear destruction by weapons with a proven ability to on the thief destroy on an unprecedented scale or, rather, is it madness to pretend that the world is unchanged, that the nuclear presence in Japan (highlighted throughout the language film by US Air Force supersonic jets) portends nothing of any significance? In other words: Is it madness to pretend that nuclear weapons are merely a fact of life, or is it insane to continue to allow their proliferation? (1995) The film failed financially, and Kurosawa turned at exercises this point to work almost exclusively on historical period pieces. Arguably, his prior work, including his famous Rashomon , are about Hiroshima. For example, Desser argues: Thus even before Record of a Living Being , one could make the case that Kurosawa dealt with the bomb, or at least its legacy, in allegorical form. Consider Rashomon , with its vision of a ruined gate at which sit three perplexed men. What, precisely, has brought Japan, or indeed mankind to its present, perilous state where nothing is certain? Physical ruin and metaphysical doubt, the major pictorial and thematic characteristics of the film, made Rashomon a timely allegory of Japan's ignominious defeat and a universal philosophical examination of the new world order wrought by the bomb. (Desser 1995; cf.
1992, pp. 65f.) As Desser notes, the real question this film puts before us is ‘which is the true madness’—the paranoid fears of the father, or the open possibility of nuclear war. Of course this extends beyond nuclear weapons to ap english 2007 all weapons of mass destruction. What further solidifies the connections to Rashomon are the previous scenes in which Nakajima clutches a child—calling to mind the concluding scene of Rashomon , in which a priest and a woodcutter, both wracked by uncertainties about thinking reality, society, and the worth of humanity, are saved by their compassion for a crying, abandoned child. In the closing scene the priest passes the crying child to the woodcutter (also played by Mifune), an act which immediately pacifies it. These concerns also form a central theme of ap english language essay Dreams (Yume, 1990), along with the costs of humanity’s unbridled effort to dominate nature, to bring it into conformity with scientific, rational will. Book Thief. Kurosawa is 2007 essay, chiefly concerned here with humanity’s determination to use science and critical for nurses exercises, technology to master and ap english, profit from nature—and to subjugate one another. In two of the film’s vignettes, nuclear disaster and a burning earth (Mt. Fuji) represent the direct result of the destabilization of engineering nature resulting from these all-too-human human attempts at subjugation. [Film critic Vincent Canby sees a direct link here to ap english language 2007 essay the final scene of I Live in Fear (1990).] As such, they take up and expand upon the notion of nuclear irrationality, and familial greed and self-interest, that run through I Live in Fear . Dorsey and Matsuoka note: “. . . the subject of Hiroshima embraces not only the destruction of that city at that time, and incidentally that of the ‘forgotten’ bombed city Nagasaki, but it also embraces the future of mankind in the nuclear age.” Insofar as we are all threatened by nuclear war, “the theme of Hiroshima is not parochial, and it is not merely an event in on social ethics, world history, it is directly related to the ‘fate of the essay earth’. . .” 3. Certainly one question that Kurosawa raises is whether scientific rationality aimed at company the heedless domination of nature and each other does not contain some deeply embedded self-destructive dynamics. This calls to mind Dr.
Fukui’s historical survey, on the first day of the conference, of our passionate and deliberate development of weaponry. 4 Weapons of mass destruction are the culmination of a long process driven by competition, greed, and essay, myopic nationalism, among other things. They have now come to the point where they can destroy us. Perhaps now that the US has dominance in nuclear weapons, nuclear destruction is no longer the most likely path to anthropology Armageddon. However, biological and chemical weapons can certainly achieve this. Consider also how deeply embedded images of the apocalypse are in various cultures—the Shapiro (2000) article in my bibliography contains some very interesting commentary on this score. So generalizing on the meaning of Hiroshima and language 2007 essay, Nagasaki, as the films I’ve considered suggest, might be seen as a way of absolving America of responsibility for these attacks. We deflect attention away to the commonly shared threat.
Moreover, we might argue, this was all inevitable: these weapons would have been developed by the Germans or someone else if not by us. However, the argument “someone would have killed X if I hadn’t” wouldn’t hold up well in court and shouldn’t here. The US developed and used these weapons. The question then is, what responsibility falls on book thief, our shoulders as a result? I think it is our special responsibility to adopt the most effective means to reduce the threats of weapons of mass destruction. However, to speak this way seems to lead right into the ideology behind our current Iraq policy—that is, we must reflect seriously on the role of essay myopic nationalism in the escalation of armament technology and conflict through history. These films encourage students to ask a very important question, especially in light of their constant exposure to an American news media establishment that appears to encourage trust in the prospects for high-tech war: Do we correctly address the threat of weapons of mass destruction by emphasizing our capacity to overwhelm any enemy through our monopoly on technologically superior—and infinitely more precise—military technology, along with our dominance in information and surveillance capacities? Or are we perpetuating the elements that seem to turn motives for self-protection toward the ends of self-destruction? The tradition of Frankenstein to Godzilla to Dreams contains constant reminders of snobberies what unbridled human passion coupled with ambitious scientific innovation can produce.
As many critics of US policy have noted, the attempt to use our weapons advantage to 2007 essay crush any opposition—in ignorance of the essay snobberies motivations behind the actions of our enemies, and in disregard of the plight of the societies from which they come—only perpetuates a reliance upon such weapons. The US’s responsibility, which would result from its current state of dominance alone, even if it were not guilty of various atrocities and in a position to ap english language 2007 commit more, is to move away from the Cold War mentality in which it still operates. In his 1993 inaugural speech President Clinton remarked that “Today, a generation raised in the shadows of the Cold War assumes new responsibilities in a world warmed by the sunshine of freedom but threatened still by essay snobberies, ancient hatreds and new plagues.” He went on to wonder whether American foreign policy could shake itself free of these influences. I think we have an obligation to encourage our students to consider these same concerns. Thematic clusters for classroom use. Yasujiro Ozu’s films, especially Late Autumn and Tokyo Story , highlight the ap english language 2007 theme of postwar impact on Japanese social structure. Plan Company. It might be productive to consider some of the sharp contrasts in the anime tradition—like Akira—which signal complete liberation from traditional social values in a post apocalyptic world. Also, the film is ripe for development of ap english feminist themes—see especially Todeschini’s “Death and career, the Maiden” (1996). A potentially useful film on this score is the 1983 made for TV film Testament (directed by Lynne Littman and language 2007 essay, starring Jane Alexander) about an American community indirectly poisoned by fallout from engaged anthropology research, a nuclear war. Also, Stanley Kramer’s 1959 On the Beach fits well. (Alain Resnais’s Hiroshima, Mon Amour plays up interesting themes concerning the subtle transformations that Hiroshima makes to our memories, but it is ap english, complex and may not be especially accessible to students. Also, it can appear to use the Hiroshima symbol to make more of a point about the complexities of human relationships.) The impact on social relations is also a central theme in the third film I mentioned at the outset, Kurosawa’s 1992 Rhapsody in August . An elderly woman who lost close family members in the Nagasaki attack is contacted by an estranged brother, who many years earlier emigrated to Hawaii and married an American.
A reunion results in which an American cousin, played by Richard Gere, deals with the resentment of the woman’s grandchildren. Although generally regarded as weak and engineering, pedantic by critics (Kurosawa intended the film to 2007 essay educate younger Japanese who had dwindling knowledge of engaged essays Hiroshima and Nagasaki), the film boasts one fairly effective scene in which Gere apologizes to his great aunt for the attacks, and it might be worth showing this scene, if not the whole film. Let me first sound a note of warning: the language early scenes of the selected snobberies film have an undeniably B-movie feel about them, and this might undermine its effectiveness for students. I found the language film grew on me, largely due to work Mifune’s compelling portrayal. Its air of camp is linked to the absurdity of his character’s dream and the oddness of his behavior; but his dead seriousness and profound fear for language essay, humanity become progressively clearer. But the film may not have the same effect on students, and it might be useful to consider showing only the more effective and significant segments. The film’s concerns are elaborated, as I indicated, in work, Kurosawa’s Dreams , which also develops some of the themes of Black Rain . Also, critics note strong connections between this film and Rashomon and language, also Throne of Blood . The irrationality-rationality theme is the centerpiece of Kubrick’s masterpiece black comedy Dr. Work Ethics. Strangelove . This latter film also is good at demonstrating the interconnections between nuclear irrationality and certain mainstream American values.
Also, it might help students to reflect on the connections between scientific development and commercial and military interests. In this respect, you might find useful James Burke’s Connections series, which aired on PBS in the early 1990's. It is still, I believe, available on videotape. 1. Ap English Language 2007 Essay. Worth some mention in passing are the atomic themes many critics see in the sci-fi genre. Essay Work. I will mention, but not discuss, the atomic trends many critics see in ap english, the sci-fi genre of Godzilla , Mothra , and related films about nuclear radiation-induced monsters—as well as in the anime genre. An interesting article in my bibliography is Noriega’s effort to explain the on social work ethics psychological dynamics of repression he sees reflected in sci-fi.
Also intriguing is Freiberg’s piece on Akira and other recent anime films, which she reads in postmodern terms as expressing a vision of a post-nuclear holocaust world which empowers Japanese youth by freeing them from the traditions of ap english 2007 their past. 2. For example, Nagasaki After the Bomb (1952), Pictures of the Atom Bomb (1952), The Bell of Nagasaki. (1950), I'll Not Forget the Song of Nagasaki (1952), and Children of Hiroshima (1952). 3. They here refer to essay on social work Jonathan Schell’s The Fate of the Earth (1982), which was inspired by Ibuse’s novel, Black Rain , and John Hersey’s Hiroshima (1985; originally published in 1946). 4. A reference to the Plenary Lecture, “Views of War and Weapons, Past and Future, From the Perspective of Hiroshima, Spring 2003” given by Dr. Haruhiro Fukui, President of the Hiroshima Peace Institute and Emeritus Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Broderick, Mick (ed.). 1996. Ap English Language 2007. Hibakusha Cinema: Hiroshima, Nagasaki and the Nuclear Image in Japanese Film . Essay. Kegan Paul International, London.
Canby, Vincent. 1990. “Kurosawa's Magical Tales of Art, Time and Death.” New York Times , August 24, 1990 (www.mrqe.com). Cavanaugh, Carole. 2001. “A Working Ideology for Hiroshima: Imamura Shohei's Black Rain” in D. Washburn and C. Language. Cavenaugh (eds.), Word and Image in Japanese Cinema . Essay Engineering. Cambridge: Cambridge U. Press. Desser, David. 1992. “ Ikuru : Narration as Moral Act” in Reframing Japanese Cinema , ed. A. Nolletti Jr. and 2007 essay, D. Desser. Bloomington: U. of Indiana Press, 1992.
Desser, D. 1995. “Japan: An Ambivalent Nation, an Ambivalent Cinema,” Swords and Ploughshares , 1995. www.acdis.uiuc.edu/homepage_docs/pubs_docs/S%26P_docs/SP_Sp-Su_1995.html. Dorsey, John T. and Naomi Matsuoka. 1996. “Narrative Strategies of exercises Understatement in Black Rain as a Novel and a Film” in Broderick. Ehrlich,Linda C. 1996. “The Extremes of Innocence: Kurosawa’s Dreams and Rhapsodies” in ap english, Broderick. Freiberg, Freda. Critical Exercises. 1996. “Akira: and the Postnuclear Sublime” in Broderick.
Goodwin, James. 1996. “Akira Kurosawa and the Atomic Age” in Broderick. Hersey, John. 1985 . Hiroshima , rev ed. New York: Knopf. Hirano, Kyoko.
1996. “Depiction of the Atomic Bombings in essay, Japanese Cinema During the US Occupation Period” in Broderick. Ibuse, Masuji. 1979. Black Rain . Tokyo: Kodansha. (Trans. John Bester) Kurosawa, Akira and Richie (eds.).
1996. Rashomon (Rutgers Films in essay on the book, Print, Vol. 6). 1987. Noriega, Chon. 1996. “ Godzilla and the Japanese Nightmare: When Them! is U.S.” in Broderick. Richie, Donald. 1996.
The Films of Akira Kurosawa 3d. ed. expanded. Berkeley: U. of California Press. Richie, D. 1996 (1965). “ Mono No Aware : Hiroshima on Film” reprinted in Broderick. Schell, Jonathan. 1982. The Fate of the Earth . New York: Avon. Shapiro, Jerome. 2000. “The Apocalyptic Imagination Reborn: Atomic Bomb Cinema at language the Dawn of the New Millennium.” Hiroshima University. www.mille.org/publications/winter2000/shapiro.PDF. Sontag, Susan.1996. “The Imagination of Disaster” in critical thinking exercises, Broderick.
Todeschini, Maya. 1996. Language 2007. “Death and the Maiden: Female Hibakusha as Cultural Heroines and the Politics of A-Bomb Memory” in engineering, Broderick. This paper was originally presented in June 2003 at a conference entitled “Reconsidering Hiroshima/Nagasaki,” held at the Hiroshima Peace Museum in Hiroshima, Japan and sponsored by the Hiroshima Peace Institute, the Japan Studies Association, and the Asian Studies Development Program. Copyright of Cross Currents is the property of Association for Religion Intellectual Life and its content may not be copied without the copyright holder's express written permission except for the print or download capabilities of the retrieval software used for access. This content is intended solely for the use of the individual user.
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AP® English Language and Composition 2007 Free-Response
7 Mistakes You’re Making While Using Netflix. Your All-In-One Guide To Building The Perfect Resume. Whether you just graduated, are returning to school or are looking for 2007 essay, a new job, within or outside your career, you need a resume. But not just a resume. You need a great resume. Selected? One which will stand out among the rest and help you land that job which you’re hoping will make some positive impact on your life. My first tip of ap english advice before you even start is to not get lost in the resume, but remember what you’re trying to accomplish.
Not only does your resume reflect you, but it also attracts or repels certain kinds of employers. Obviously you want the good ones, and your resume can be that filter. That said, however, you always need to stand behind what is on your resume because ultimately you are what makes the difference in the interview and job. Lastly, you might be thinking “Writing a resume has nothing to engaged anthropology do with technology.” Au contraire. It has everything to do with technology unless you write yours with a feather pen on animal hide. The Most Important Part Of The Resume. What would you consider the ap english essay, most important part of a resume? Your education?
Skillset? Experience? Vast knowledge in essay on social ethics a specific area? In my opinion, all of those are great, but none of essay them are the most important aspect of your resume. The most important part of business for clothing your resume is your contact information. Think about it. If you were an employer looking through vast amounts, or even just a few resumes and language 2007 essay, you stumbled upon one that “wowed” you, but included no contact information, what would you think? What would you do? First off, a thought might occur that they aren’t attentive to details enough to even remember to include it. Anthropology Essays? Second, you might not have the ap english language 2007 essay, time or even care to try to find their contact information. Perhaps it was even in essay selected an email signature or something and you have it somewhere, but you are likely to not put much effort if they can’t even do that much.
Next, it’s important where it goes. As tempting as it may be, don’t place your contact information (or anything really) in ap english 2007 the header or footer. The primary reason being that if you submit your resume online to a transposing database, the header and footer are likely to be missed in the scanning for on social, key words and phases. This is because most just scan through the ap english language 2007, body of the resume. There is a common thought out there that your resume shouldn’t extend one page, unless you are something special. Selected Snobberies? And sadly, students in high school and ap english 2007, universities are learning this still. I cannot count the essay career, times I was told this in ap english essay school, even college. In fact, my last semester before I graduated I was applying for a job and asked an instructor for her input on for clothing company, my already stellar resume (I thought so, anyways).
This was one of the things she told me to do only make it one page. But when looking at my resume, that was clearly unrealistic. I had far too many valuable experiences to just cut them out, even if they all weren’t completely “relevant” to the job I was applying for ap english, which I’ll cover later. The answer to your question is “No. You don’t have to make it one page.” However, there are some guidelines to follow here: Don’t add filler information, larger font or extra spaces just to make it two pages. Don’t make the font too small and hard to read to make it fit to one or two pages.
It should be equal. If it’s two pages, make it a full two pages. If it spills just over one page, tweak your resume until it fits. Focus on content, not length. Once you have quality content, then make the size adjustments. As you might see, they somewhat contradict each other in a way, but I think you should understand it. These are the essay on social work, tips that helped me. I can’t remember how or when I learned them. It was likely a combination or the Internet, school (very minimal) and personal experience through self-teaching.
Create A Clean, Easy-To-Follow Layout. In some ways, this goes right along with how many pages you have. You definitely want to ap english language essay customize the layout to the number of pages that you have. There are a couple aspects in having an selected snobberies easy-to-follow resume. First, you must have a nice template. You don’t want something busy or obnoxious. Something that makes it easy to essay find the information the interviewer is ethics looking for. Another side, however, is less about the actual template and more about how you position your content. Be consistent.
I can’t emphasize this enough. If you do something one way in an area of 2007 your resume, do it that same way throughout the rest of it. Critical Thinking For Nurses Exercises? If you change how something is positioned. If necessary, make that same change in all other areas of your resume. You want your resume to flow , not have your interviewer feel like they’re in ap english language essay a chaotic abyss of words when reading your resume. As far as choosing a template goes, there are tons of them. Thinking For Nurses Exercises? If you’re using Word, Microsoft has several. The internet is full of ideas Top 3 Websites To Build A Free Resume Online Top 3 Websites To Build A Free Resume Online Read More and ap english language 2007, there are even ways to essay use LinkedIn to create your resume 2 Tools To Turn Your LinkedIn Profile Into A Neat-Looking Resume 2 Tools To Turn Your LinkedIn Profile Into A Neat-Looking Resume LinkedIn isn't only good for networking.
Those who maintain detailed LinkedIn profiles can turn them into informative online resumes to jump start their job search. There are a few handy tools that will both allow. Read More for you. Although, I wouldn’t necessarily condone only using that as your main resume, but it’s a nice option. What I did was get an idea from a resume I saw and created one for myself, making custom tweaks here and there to ap english 2007 essay my liking, while keeping the basic layout the career, same. It doesn’t matter what template you choose, as long as it meets the requirements of being easily read. There are also a lot of ap english 2007 essay ways to make your resume. Career? From infographics Two Easy Ways To Create Visual Infographics Of Your Résumé Two Easy Ways To Create Visual Infographics Of Your Résumé Creative jobseekers are always searching for ap english 2007 essay, new ways to career distinguish themselves to potential employers. One of the ap english language, quickest ways to do this is to make your résumé stand out from the business plan for clothing, crowd. Once you've got. Read More to clever designs to videos.
However, though these are very cool, I don’t personally feel they’re very practical especially not for all careers across the board. Some careers strive for creative individuals that stand out from the rest these are the ap english language 2007 essay, kind of resumes that fit. All other careers simply should have pretty basic resumes. That doesn’t mean it has to be boring to read. Just like a story, you want the business plan company, interview to feel engaged when reading it, to be impressed when they set it down or better yet, not be able to ap english essay set it down, but to continue to look through it. Content plays a huge role in whether your layout looks lean or not.
You can have a great looking template, but not an easy to read resume. This is likely due to your content not being as clear and concise as it should be. Keeping things as short as possible is important. Let me put an asterisk by essay that though. You don’t want a vague resume. Meaning, you want to be thorough and avoid short, one to two word lines. It’s ok to have sentences and explain yourself in language your resume. This was something I learned by myself as well. In high school, I felt as if they pushed your resume to summarize your professional life. Essay On Social Ethics? And to an extent you want it to, but not too much to the point that you have dwindled down every skill and experience. Ap English Language 2007? In fact, many of the cliched phrases and essay selected, sayings for resumes are derived from this very principle of “minimalism.” Again, you want to be concise, and certainly not redundant, but you need to make sure that you are also explaining who you are, what you’ve done,and maybe even why you have done it.
Obviously you want your resume to stand out from the rest. You’ve gone to great measures choosing a killer template, creating excellent content oh, content. About that. 2007? Reread everything you’ve got on for nurses exercises, your resume. How much of that have you literally accomplished ? Have you specified your extent of knowledge in that skill or experience? Let’s say you have “Managed a team to create blah blah blah.” Did you really manage the team?
Or did you just observe them? Perhaps you did help manage the team, but in that phrase, it sounds like you were the sole manager. Were there others of equal stature whom you worked with to manage the team? These are important things to include. I have found myself being a little overzealous when writing/editing my resume and often need to step back and look at things a little bit more realistically. In the image blow you can see I chose the word “assisted.” There are a lot more powerful words that sound better, but essentially that is all I did and it wouldn’t be right to set a bar higher than what my skill level depicts. Also, the majority of the time, being honest will impress. Ok, so don’t literally forget them. But don’t add them, not mention anything referring to them on your resume. For a long time I added “references available” in the footer. Then I read how that is not really necessary since employers assume that you will have references, especially if you’re “sharp” which your resume will often indicate.
Employers typically will ask for ap english 2007 essay, references later. However, depending on the situation, they do sometimes ask for references at the same time of the resume (or sometimes, you just know they’re going to want them right away). In these situations, I do include three references which are the most relevant to the job I’m applying for. I have a separate resume created with my references already in it so all I need to essay engineering do is swap out any references, if I so desire, change their contact information and language essay, send it away. That is an exception though. For the essay selected, general resume that you might hand out and certainly for any public resume of yours which you post to the internet, leave out the references. Ap English 2007 Essay? If the employers like what they see, they’ll contact you for business, more. It also gives them a reason to contact you for more, and indirectly tells you they’re interested. The more contact you have with them the 2007 essay, better so you don’t want to give them everything they want right away, unless of essay on the thief course they directly ask for it.
Grammar. I can’t emphasize it enough. I’ve said it four times and I still don’t feel that you quite understand what I’m getting at. Alright, so I’ll assume that you do. Honestly though, this is language 2007 one of the most important aspects of your resume. Essay Selected Snobberies? I’d almost say it’s right below remembering to ap english language 2007 add and having proper placement of critical thinking for nurses exercises contact information. If you don’t have an outstanding skillset expressed on your resume, but have flawless grammar, you’re already above average. It doesn’t just show that you know how to make a resume, but that you pay attention to ap english essay detail.
Detail that also will be expected on the job, no matter what you do. If you have trouble with this, don’t just do it on your resume, practice it in critical every day life so that when you do get a job, you don’t disappoint. As you can see, even I mess up grammar occasionally. Although it doesn’t happen often. I’ve already mentioned this briefly when referring to having multiple resumes, one with and one without references.
However, it doesn’t stop there. I highly recommend you tweak your resume per job. Essay? Slightly adjust your objective to match what you are expecting from that job and what they are looking for. Add any skills that you have that may be more relevant to the job. Just adjust the essay career, overall focus of language 2007 your resume to that company. It should also relate to the cover letter you write to business for clothing them and include many of the same things. Since graduating, I’ve applied at several places which are very different. Not all of the places were paying, some volunteer, like zoos, but many still requested a resume. Ap English Essay? From an avian sanctuary to two zoos to several vet clinics, my resume had a lot of essay tweaks. Had I not created multiple versions, I would have been in a mess and would have been constantly changing and editing what I wanted that particular organization to see. Instead of having to make the whole thing again, I recommend saving it as another version, opening that version and making the changes, then saving it again.
That way you don’t overwrite your other versions of resumes. I also recommend having PDF and DOC versions of your resume. Personally, I prefer sending a PDF version versus a DOC version. Ap English? Most of the time that is what employers want anyways. After creating resume after resume, you will soon realize that they need to critical for nurses be managed some how. If you’re somewhat unfamiliar with file management in general, I encourage you to read my article Creating Order From Chaos: 9 Great Ideas For Managing Your Computer Files Creating Order From Chaos: 9 Great Ideas For Managing Your Computer Files It's frustrating isn’t it when you can’t find that file? When you’ve searched every folder imaginable on your computer, and somehow it got lost.or worse, deleted. Now, there are excellent search tools for Windows that.
Read More about that. In that article I talk about naming your files according to what is included in 2007 essay them and also dating them. This is especially important with resumes. It’s nice to know what resume is for for nurses, what job. For instance, I have a resume for a vet assistant position, a zoo keeper position and for working at an avian sanctuary. Plus, I have my general resume.
It would be impossible to language 2007 keep all of these straight it they didn’t have a proper description. Along with describing, dating the essay, file name is also important. Not just when you initially created it, but as you update it, change the name to when you last updated it. For me, I just go by month and language 2007, don’t really need to get more specific than that. This has proven very helpful because I might have forgotten about adding something recent to my resume, but will be reminded when I see it hasn’t been updated for two months. Lastly, put all your resumes in one folder. If you want to access these from other places, online cloud backup and for clothing, sync applications like SugarSync SugarSync: The Most Well-Rounded Free File Backup Syncing Service SugarSync: The Most Well-Rounded Free File Backup Syncing Service File backup is not a new conversation or topic by ap english language 2007 essay any means. If you search Google for “file backup” you will likely be overwhelmed by services and articles on the topic. Thief? It is a vast. Read More and Dropbox are excellent solutions.
It also is in language 2007 your benefit to use such programs since they have file versioning and live updating to business plan for clothing automatically detect and language 2007, save any changes you make. Remember that your resume is anthropology basically a timeline of your professional life. 2007? At first it may seem bleak, especially if you don’t have much professional experience. But be creative. Share about business for clothing, what life experiences you’ve gone through.
Have you done Eagle Scouts? What about volunteer work, specifically in 2007 your area of interest? What extra curricular activities did you do in school? What skills have you taught yourself through your interests in on the thief a particular career? These are all things that you can include and should include on your resume. There are so many more things as well, but hopefully those questions will trigger some ideas for you to compound on and work with. Conclusion It’s Only The Beginning. So you’ve finished your resume. 2007? Congrats! Now I’m going to business for clothing company tell you that your resume is an ever growing, ever changing, live document. It will never be finished.
For now, you are content with it. But soon you will think of something else to add or do something else that should be put on language, there. This is fine and business for clothing company, you shouldn’t get discouraged about the ap english language 2007 essay, never ending resume work. Selected? In fact, be proud that yours doesn’t sit around outdated. Your resume is just the 2007, first part of critical thinking your presentation. Ap English 2007 Essay? Like I said in the beginning, you are what makes a difference. Be sure that you can back up everything on your resume, and if in doubt, allow a little leeway to go beyond what you wrote in your resume. Essay On Social? If you don’t agree with something here, I am more than willing to ap english 2007 essay hear your argument and embrace different viewpoints. Have you developed a resume based off these guidelines already? How has this article helped you in creating your newly refined resume?
If you haven’t created a resume yet, are there any additional questions I can help with? Your shared advices are really essential for a grad like me. Although I have had some important recommendations as well as necessary tips for research essays, my resume from 2007 essay, my past experiences and some people around me, your experiences are quite helpful for me in essay on social order to organize the specific resume system well and make a perfect one :) Thank you very much for great sharing! Good tips. In my country we are all looking for language, jobs. Even those who are working are looking for essay, job :-) So thanks for sharing. That what I am getting also ready to do: share with other job seeker.
Awesome article. 2007? But what if it is Curriculum Vitae or the candidate has no job experience or he is just a fresh graduate. Do you have a downloadable template of your resume (including the sections, headers, etc)? Thanks for the advise and I definitely need to update my resumes. One thing I found as a former employer is also to make the resume job specific.
If I'm looking for a hairstylist, I don't want to know about your years as a nanny really. Just mentioning it would be enough, not how you learned patience and tolerance! I'm mom I know what skills you learn taking care of kids. Some resumes I got were 5 pages long and had every job they ever had and everything they did in school back to high school! No just put in the relevant jobs, courses and computer skills, not everything you ever did. I have several resumes, one as a stylist, one in sales, one for volunteer groups and plan for clothing, one general one that combines the best of all and puts it together for 2007 essay, new to me jobs. In general I have found people prefer the job specific resumes and not everything you ever did. unless they ask for a CV. Resumes are real important. Thanks for business plan for clothing company, the tips!! I think we need to read this artical more than one time. as every time i read i get more information.
Thanks so much. I Really learned much. Ap English Language 2007 Essay? Need to check my spelling and saving them as i update them. I save them now on essay on the, my Dropbox so that they are accessible anytime. Great post.Going for ap english 2007, an interview soon and this will help a lot.Thanks. Thanks for the info!
I'm 51 now and haven't developed a new resume in over 10 years. This article is a definite help! Thank you. Thanks enjoyed reading article. I got quite a few pointers on how I should updaye my resume. Thanks for engaged research essays, the tip. Thank you for your post Aaron. Excelent information and tips. Awesome article and very timely for a number of people I know and myself! Many of us are well beyond the college years ;-)
Thanks for a common sense approach. I like the fact that you will require multiple resumes to fit the different positions that you are applying for. Another good point is language be able to backup what you put on your resume. Business For Clothing Company? You will not want to be put on ap english language, the spot in selected an interview and ap english language essay, look foolish. If a resume goes beyond one page, then would it be wise to put one's contact information on on the book thief, the header for the following pages? I reckon this may give one's resume a different look. Your succinct but specific solution for ap english essay, the page limit will be of great use. And last but not the least, I have just now uploaded my resume and essay, scanned photo into Dropbox. a suggestion by you worth doing! Kudos, Aaron, for 2007 essay, an excellent post!
As a hiring manager, wading through resumes will be a lot easier if more job seekers would follow your suggestions. Critical Thinking For Nurses Exercises? No . Ap English Language Essay? wait . my job will be harder because there will be so many more *good* resumes! The important thing to remember about a resume is the resume's purpose. The purpose of a resume is to == get you an book interview 8 seconds == looking at ap english 2007 essay each resume. The resume has 8 seconds to convince the reviewer that it ought to be looked at longer and in greater depth rather than being filed.
Taking Aaron#039;s advice will make your resume far more likely to on social ethics survive that first 8 seconds, and hopefully will even get you an language 2007 interview. So may I offer one more tidbit? After you#039;ve had the business plan company, interview, send a thank-you note to everyone who interviewed you. You cannot imagine how much that helps! The submit button really botched-up the text flow and formatting of my comment. Oops . a big chuck of ap english 2007 essay my comment is missing.
I used arrows to emphasize a couple points, but the website thought I was trying to include HTML and trimmed them out. Sorry! A little side point, for career, job seekers. Essay? I craft my resume for most jobs I apply for so I have a ton of thinking for nurses resumes. To keep them in order a bit more, I use a year-month-day format so that the language essay, most recent doc always appears at essay snobberies the bottom of the ap english language 2007 essay, folder.
Or I guess u can sort by date everytime. Thanks Aaron, u have mentioned many key points. Nice article. Business? Concise to the point. After 18 years with one company, I find myself looking for additional work. Ap English Language 2007? (No longer full time) Updating isn't going to be much of a problem, but I'm not so sure of engineering career making it work online. Any suggestions for essay, a template? Good stuff. in the world today every tip and trick is engaged anthropology research useful. Thanks for putting it out ap english 2007, there. Excellent article. However, I have one question. I have been told, by several HR persons that they assume the resume is essay exagerated and deduct the ap english essay, equivalent of 50% of it, routinely.
How do you counteract that? I'm a computer programmer and so there's a lot of acronyms and keywords involved with my skill set. I find that a skills matrix with 3 columns labeled novice, proficient, and advanced and career, then line by line under each column I put the skills and the number of years I've been doing that skill. Ap English? If there are computers looking at my resume for keywords this helps and even better, if there's a person, they will see the skills immediately on the first page and they'll be able to figure out whether they should look further into engaged anthropology research the resume for ap english language, more detail. Plan For Clothing? Of course I only apply to jobs where I know my skills match so I almost always get an interview. One of the toughest things is to put down a company that you worked for for 15 years, with a variety of jobs and responsibilities. I am in that boat.
While my job title didn't change I went from being the new guy to the senior guy over 2007, my term there. Any tips on how to present this to a prospective employer? Started off as a low level systems administrator and moved into snobberies technical lead for ap english 2007 essay, new projects all without changing job titles over 15 years. How do I separate my time doing UNIX backups from business for clothing company, my time programming and developing new products? My suggestion is a Responsibilities section under that employer, with a time-line or date and language, the added responsibilities within it: Title: Systems Engineer. 1980 - Initial employment. 1984 - Assigned as section leader. 1986 - Senior Engineer for section. 1990 - Assistant manager for department. The problem is that I was never assigned a new title, and there wasn't any one point when I stopped being a Unix admin and essay selected snobberies, started being a programmer.
The company I worked for had one generic title Computer Technician that covered the guy who fixed jammed printers, and the guy who did all of the programming for ap english language, getting our product on Kindle. There was a concern that if they started saying a guy was a Programmer that he'd no longer feel like it was his job to essay on the thief go fix a jammed printer. By keeping the $60k a year guys and ap english 2007 essay, the $7 an hour guys all on a level playing field they hoped to make everyone responsible for anthropology, making sure the 2007 essay, business ran smoothly period. They had been through some troubles with the unions over essay book thief, similar issues in their history. I thought you had some pretty good tips, but you missed one really important point. The word is resume, not resume.
In an article on a subject as important as writing a resume you really should not be taking the all-to-frequent shortcut of calling at a resume. I find the information that you provide to be of value on certain topics, but why must you send 'daily' emails? This may cause me to ap english essay block and unsubscribe to your newsletter. They used to be sent 1x/ week. Few days from now, i have an thinking interview. Your tips were useful.
I hope i'll make an language essay attractive Resume. And yes, using PrintFriendly! Really liked your article. Not much of a need for essays, that, still going to keep it as I may need it lately! Thanks for 2007 essay, this post. Eventhough, I am not looking for on the book, a new position, I always keep my resume' update. Language Essay? I have found that I need it for several different things including some independent contract work and engineering, speaking at different conferences. Your tips are useful and ap english language, (particularly regarding the one-page limit) not one that are said enough.
One element of resume design I recently learned of, and engineering career, now want to ap english language 2007 essay tell everyone, is that if the resume you use in online applications includes bullets, computer programs scanning for keywords will interpret those symbols as 'stop' commands and not read the information following them. It's better to essay have un-bulleted lines if you want the language essay, computer to engineering career read all your skills. Very nice article.. Language 2007? Gotta bookmark this for future reference when I'm going to create my resume. Essay Selected? Thanks. This article is too good. I'm saving this and will forward it to 2007 my friends for sure. I've heard the same one page only rule my whole life, but in reality, that's almost impossible to essay snobberies do with some people. Another thing about the references: I've also heard that you should just put them on there so the ap english 2007, employer knows you're serious about the career, job. Then again, it seems that the rules to a resume are always changing, and ap english 2007 essay, no one company is going to essay want a resume like another wants.
Then again, it seems that the “rules” to language 2007 essay a resume are always changing, and no one company is thinking for nurses exercises going to want a resume like another wants. Richard, you are right on! The rules are ALWAYS changing. And although I do feel that most of these tips are pretty universal no matter the job or career, I trust the readers' discretion to decide how they should present themselves. This is a great information for a starter or for a person who wants to switch the job,for fresher and for Experienced too. These are little points people tend to miss out and they loose the opportunity meant for them. Try these steps and ap english language, It will be helpful in the process of getting the essay, job. Thank You So much for post this. I'm from language 2007 essay, Puerto Rico, and they don't use so much Resumes like that.
They prefer simple, and One page. Now I can learn how to do it, for essay book, USA!! ;) You're welcome! Glad it was of some help. If you have any questions, don't hesitate to ap english ask. Thanks for essay, reading. Aaron is a Vet Assistant graduate, with his primary interests in wildlife and technology. He enjoys exploring the ap english, outdoors and career, photography. When he's not writing or indulging in technological findings throughout the essay, interwebs, he can be found bombing down the mountainside on engaged anthropology research essays, his bike. Read more about Aaron on ap english 2007 essay, his A Solid Mid-Range Phone: The Moto G5 Plus (Review and Giveaway)
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14 People Were Asked: What Does Life Mean To You? Their Answers May Surprise You. #8220;The meaning of life is just to be alive. It is so plain and obvious and ap english so simple. And yet, everybody rushes around in a great panic as if it were necessary to achieve something beyond themselves.#8221; Alan Watts. The meaning of life is a burning question that has inspired some of the greatest literature/art, fueled heated debates between atheists and spiritualists, and prompted existential philosophers to wax poetic on what the critical thinking human experience really means (or doesn#8217;t mean).
But#8230; what does life really mean? It is easy to find insightful opinions on language, this query from essay on social work ethics, influential authors, teachers, sages, mystics, and scientists with a quick Google search but, what about from our peers, or people we wouldn#8217;t necessarily think to ask? As an experiment, I decided to ask this question to a diverse group of ap english essay, friends, artists, creators, and strangers alike and the results were really incredible. #8220;What does life mean to me? Life is essay engineering love, love is immunity. Life the language essay beginning of ends to start again. Life is the grounding and understanding of anthropology, your purpose in the moment. Life is the death of the old. Life is essay courage to let go and freedom to move on.
Life is the balance of energy in vessels of flesh and bones. Life is the infinite spectrum of vibrations and motivations. Life is respect for all life forms. Life: User discretion is advised. Life is neither either or. Life is currently undergoing metamorphosis. Life is intending the future and living the moment. On The Book Thief. Life is essay love.
Love is the flow. Go with the flow. Love is the undercurrent permeating consciousness. Life is the inexplicable moments and catching glimpses into the unknown. Fear is the antithesis of life. Life is tireless and evermore. Fear is wayword, life is forward. Life is the infinite maze of critical, unravelling of truth.
Life is knowing your power and using it wisely. Ap English Language Essay. To use it wisely is to use it for engineering, the greater good of the universe. Life is knowing the longer I stay, the more trouble I have adjusting, but realizing it all begins at language 2007, the end of on the book, my comfort zone. Ap English 2007 Essay. Like the universe, I am beautiful, complex, harmonious, conflicting. Business Plan For Clothing Company. I am a part of this universe and the universe is chaotic and constantly evolving. Dare to be. Believe in yourself, believe in others. Believe in your mission. You must remain open to receive.
Life’s mission is clear: make bonds, claim time, right wrongs, leave fear and love through to ap english come through.#8221; Nas Cilia. #8220;Life, to work me, is the quest for perfect balance. the balance between spontaneity planning, so that things are fresh enough to ap english 2007 avoid monotony, yet stable enough to lead to book action. the balance between finding the ap english language 2007 good in the bad attending to the bad when everything is good, so that one never becomes too caught up in essay, the sadness or too distracted by life#8217;s fleeting delights. the balance of doing things for you doing things for other people, so that one may be devoted to themselves the part of themselves that resides in every person in ap english 2007 essay, the universe. the balance of believing, loving, supporting people, while committing to surrounding yourself with higher vibrations, understanding that attitudes vibrations are contagious. the balance of respecting the multiverse of opinions, while speaking your own truth, so that people may, hopefully, come to see the beauty that is the essay spectrum of human experience in this life. Language. life, to me, is about living the business for clothing most positive experience possible, uplifting as many lives as possible, questing for knowledge a higher understanding of the various truths experienced in language essay, this world, avoiding complacency at all costs.#8221; Alyssa Rochelle, Student, Santa Monica, CA. #8220;i believe in one rule and one rule only #8216;do whatever you want in life, absolutely anything that feels right to you and evokes your own true happiness; as long as it has no negative effect on another soul.#8217; i believe in connectivity and essay engineering career the concept that #8216;we are united#8217;; and we are. we are one big conscious entity operating in unison; humans, creatures and planets alike. i affect all that happens in the universe, as you affect all direction and language 2007 essay reaction also. Essay Selected Snobberies. i believe in more than human. i believe i can learn more from the trees than i can from human words on paper made from them. i believe in more than what the eye can see and more than the science will temporarily find proof of; for what i can see may not necessarily be what you can see right now. i believe in reaching your goals in your own time. i believe there is no point in competing for or stressing about what you most want of your time in this name and ap english 2007 essay form; it#8217;s never too late to essay work ethics make a go at ap english language 2007 essay, it. most importantly, i believe in the silent magic the moments not fit for words that feeling of content pure ecstasy; whatever may evoke it. we are privileged not by situation or class but by the mere idea that we have all been created from complete nothingness. we developed senses; birthed into the opportunity to feel and be more than what we have collectively been conditioned into engineering, believing of ap english, ourselves. i believe in living past the borders of potential. i believe in essay on the, the power of positive progression individual for collective.#8221; Rico Garilli, Acoustic Musician, UK. #8220;Life, to ap english language essay me, is an amazing opportunity. We all play a part in our individual and collective evolution. Essay Thief. We are given a body to language house our souls and snobberies how we choose to use it is ap english language 2007 essay up to us. On The Thief. Personally, I feel I am on a constant journey of self improvement because everything starts from within. As humans, we were not designed to be perfect; it#8217;s a learning process. Ap English Language Essay. But we leave our mark on engaged anthropology research essays, everyone we meet and it#8217;s up to us to decide what that will be; everything we project has an impact. Ap English. One small act of kindness could spark a chain reaction of positivity and I think connecting with people is one of the most valuable things we can do. I want to meet people with a similar mindset, people who disagree completely, and everyone in between.
I want to learn as much as I can and use it in a way to bring people happiness. Essay On The Book. We#8217;re all interconnected at the deepest of levels and I think our growth comes from learning from each other, we need to ap english treat each other with kindness and compassion and we need to listen. I feel that we are here to play our part in book thief, the growth of the earth and ap english language essay its inhabitants, it#8217;s our collective responsibility to work towards an increasingly conscious and compassionate world. It all sounds very serious but it#8217;s not! I just think we need to engaged anthropology take care of ourselves and each other, we need to find our happiness and share it.#8221; Emma Summer, Model, UK. #8220;Life means loving your body, your mind, nurturing your soul, creating with your community, your planet, and understanding your universe.#8221; Katy Walker, Things Are Changing Productions/Time is Art, Brookyn, NY. Language Essay. #8220;The meaning of critical for nurses, life to me is a little bit different than most people, I have the ability to connect with spirit as a psychic medium.
The meaning of life for me is to face all these battles and lessons in 2007, order to help heal other people but I don#8217;t find that to be the reason other people are here. I know the only reason I am on this earth is to connect people with their#8230; loved ones and critical thinking for nurses exercises teach reiki. In the meaning for them I think everybody is on their own beautiful journey of their soul#8217;s growth sharing their little bits of their soul that could help make this world better. I think the meaning of life is to stop trying to find the meaning of language 2007, life and just live the most positive amazing beautiful life that you can and always make sure to help others. I think it#8217;s to evolve your soul enough to see clear, that we create our own destiny with a little help from our higher sources and to have faith. #8221; Alex March, Tattooer/Psychic Medium/Reiki Practioner, NJ. #8220;Life is about connections and experience: learning from each and every person we come into contact with and giving others a new piece of insight from our own experiences resulting with positive encouragement to essay on the book evolve and ascend.#8221; Jennifer Crimmins, brand ambassador/community manager Tarte Cosmetics, Pt. Pleasant, NJ. #8220;Try to 2007 be the essay career best version of yourself. Language. Help other people try to be the best versions of themselves. Company. Look at bugs doing their thing.
Wrestle some dogs. Give someone a present when its not their birthday. Improvise a song about the person in ap english language, the car next to you. Take pictures of your poop. Learn to laugh at your own misfortune. Be a sponge. Pay attention! There are a million things going on at any given moment and essays our senses limit us to only being aware of a very small fraction of those things. You should cherish every experience and observation because this whole #8220;you-being-alive-right-now#8221; thing doesn#8217;t last for language 2007, very long.#8221; Richie Brown, artist/animator/alien, Toms River, NJ. #8220;The meaning of life is an endless question. It#8217;s something that can be unique to every, single human being. And so every lifetime is an opportunity for a person to reinvent who they want to be in the world and how they want to impact every being around them.
The meaning of life is there is no meaning, so you get to create it.#8221; Jesani Drew, Love and Empowerment Coach/Motivational Speaker, Brooklyn, NY. #8220;I would just like to begin by saying that to critical thinking exercises speculate about the meaning of life is both an interesting and beautiful pursuit. However, the nature of life is much like the nature of that which created it: the great mystery or Wakantanka as the Lakota people describe it. For a person to language essay say that they are certain of the answer to this question would be foolish to say the least, not to mention a bit of an admission of arrogant ignorance. I doubt I will ever really know the meaning of life. Perhaps in death I will receive that information. I have come closer to essay death than I wish I had or would ever want to again and don#8217;t think it brought me any closer to understanding life#8217;s meaning. What I can share are a few humble insights I have had on the way. Essay. First, I believe the purpose of all life is simply to live, otherwise I suppose there would be no life. Therefore, if you are a squirrel be a squirrel: Eat nuts, climb trees, etc.
If you are a human, be a human. Many transcendentalists say to avoid sensory experiences and #8220;transcend#8221; humanity. The way I see it, we are humans, if we weren#8217;t meant to be humans we wouldn#8217;t be human. It seems pretty obvious that the key to humanity is the same as the natural world: balance. Alright now, what is the engaged meaning of human life? What to do? How to live?
It is scientific law that neither matter nor energy can be created or destroyed. Matter and energy interact and ap english 2007 essay exchange in critical thinking, a kind of dance perpetually transferring and transforming. The way I see it, there is only one tangible thing that is completely created where there wasn#8217;t something before and that is you and your life. I do not mean the physical person you are. I mean the personality you are, the people/places/things you touch and the way the 2007 essay world changes as a result of your presence is actual palpable genesis. Therefore, in my ever so humble opinion, there must be some meaning to that, so create something amazing! Before I get too long winded I#8217;ll wrap this up by sharing what a colorful and insightful medicine man once told me.
He said people were always asking him advice about their lives. #8220;What should I do?#8221; #8220;What is it I really want?#8221; #8220;What is the secret?#8221; The list went on and on. He said that his answer to them was always the same. He said that when it all boils down, #8220;everybody just wants TO#8230;BE#8230;HAPPY! So#8230;I am happy. #8221; It hit me like a load of bricks because it rang true. Why do you want love?
Love makes you feel happy. On The Thief. Why do you want money? Money provides comfort, entertainment, etc., and 2007 essay these things make us happy. You can see that the list also goes on and on ethics, forever and at the end of all these roads we really just want to feel satisfied with a smile on our faces. He insinuated that happiness is really a choice and he chooses happiness. There you go.
These things may not be the meaning of life but they bring a lot of meaning to language 2007 MY LIFE!#8221; Ben DeVoe, artist/fabricator, Brooklyn, NY. #8220;Life to me is about doing the for nurses exercises things that make you happy. People spend their whole lives searching for happiness and when they find it they never want to let it go. Language. It can be spending time with a person or a group of people, it can be a specific activity. What makes me happy is playing Basketball. I let that go last year and career I had one of the worst years of my#8230; young life. Ap English Language 2007. When you let go of what makes you happy you don#8217;t feel like yourself. When you are truly happy you feel like you belong and there is no better feeling than that. The best feeling in anthropology, life is being truly happy.
When you#8217;re happy all the little things that bother you don#8217;t matter. All that matters is that moment and feeling right there. Some people go their whole life searching for the feeling so when you find it, don#8217;t ever let it go.#8221; Arick Sodini, Student, Manalapan, NJ. #8220;Life, for me, has always been beautiful and simple. It is being childlike and always searching for new truths. It is setting your heart free, so love can pour out. Ap English Language. It is allowing your mind to break the chains of ignorance. Change is the only constantspiritual, mental, emotional growth is necessary to thinking for nurses exercises live a life of fulfillment, love, happiness here on earth.#8221; Kait Moorefield, Student, Freehold, NJ. #8220;My meaning of life is centered around experience. I like the ap english idea of going in the cold without a jacket, in order to understand the cold.
Some call it Tantric, because you absorbed positive and essay selected negative aspects as a means to have a firm understanding. Although, these experiences only shape you and your story, and give you a basis to understand. Our journey in life is to ap english language 2007 essay seek balance and enlightenment, whichever path takes you there is business for clothing up to you. Some of us prefer the road less traveled. Essay. There are many doors to the universe, and love is the key to unlocking them.
We come into this earth as pure souls, but our environment and social development shapes us into the adults we are fated to become. The underlying theme is understanding karma, while connecting to the path toward your destiny. Destiny is written, and fate is malleable. Life is beautiful, and it#8217;s the story that gives it definition.#8221; Billy O#8217;Brien, co-founder of EvolveandAscend.com, Asbury Park, NJ. And, finally… here#8217;s my take on life#8217;s meaning#8230; #8220;We incarnate on this planet with a sort of curriculum of learning, where life puts us through tests, trials, and tribulations in order to deconstruct our ego to reconstruct our heart. The paradox about this is that we are born exactly how we are supposed to be, but life tricks us into thinking we are to #8220;become#8221; something.
The reality is, is that there is no #8220;becoming,#8221; there is selected only an unbecoming to reconnect with the heart we are born with in the first place. The key to appreciating life, and understanding it#8217;s meaning, is to maintain a childlike enthusiasm during your curriculum, and to never lose faith in the satire of your story. Life is its own ouroboros of learning and unlearning, but maintaining passion, curiosity, and love for all that you experience during the cycle will help your heart stay light. Love, above all else, is the true destination of the journey#8230; love is why we are created, love is the language 2007 source of creativity, and love is ultimately what we return to when our time here is up. So, with all of that being said, this is my take#8230; life is about letting your heart guide you as you live, learn, unlearn, stay light, let go, laugh through the essay on social work ethics darkness, and love every person/experience/moment as if they are an extension of yourself.#8221; Jennifer Sodini, Founder of EvolveandAscend.com, Asbury Park, NJ. Language. What does life mean to essay snobberies you? Let us know via the comment section below! Get Your In Depth Numerology Reading. Your life path number can tell you A LOT about you. With the ancient science of Numerology you can find out accurate and revealing information just from your name and birth date. Get your free numerology reading and learn more about how you can use numerology in ap english, your life to essay on social find out more about ap english 2007 essay, your path and journey.
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Form B - The College Board
SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Just as with most essays, the major secret to excelling on the SAT essay is to pre-plan the examples and evidence you want to 2007 essay, use. But wait! I hear you cry. Can you do that on the new SAT essay? Isn’t the point of the essay that you’re supposed to be using information from the passage in your answer, which you don’t know about ahead of time? The answer: Yes and no. While the specifics of engineering career each example will obviously change, depending on the passage, the types of examples you choose to discuss (and the ap english, way you explain each example builds the author’s argument) can be defined, and business plan company, thus prepared for, ahead of ap english language time. In this article, we give you 6 good SAT essay examples you’ll be able to for clothing company, find in ap english language 2007 nearly every prompt the SAT throws at you. By assembling a collection of these reliable examples that can answer most prompts, you'll cut down on planning time and significantly increase the amount you can write, making you able to walk into every SAT essay confident in your abilities.
If you haven’t already read our introduction to the SAT essay prompt, read it now. This will give you a good idea of what the SAT essay assignment looks like. Business For Clothing! Then come back to this article. The SAT essay prompts have several important things in ap english language common: They’re all passages that try to convince the reader of the veracity of the author’s claim They’re all around the same length (650-750 words) They’re all meant to be analyzed and written about in a relatively short period of time (50 minutes) This means that you can have a pretty good idea ahead of anthropology essays time of what types of argument-building techniques you might see when you open the booklet on test day. The main techniques the author uses aren't going to ap english 2007, be overly complex (like the first letter of every word spelling out a secret code), because you just don’t have the essay book, time to language 2007 essay, analyze and write about complex techniques. And because of that, you can prepare yourself with SAT essay examples that’ll be likely to research essays, found across persuasive passages about ap english language essay many different issues —we've provided some ideas below.
We've chosen two examples of evidence, two examples of reasoning, and business company, two examples of stylistic/persuasive elements you can use as stellar evidence to support your thesis . Play to the features of the passage – if there are a lot of facts/statistics, make sure to discuss that; if it dwells more on 2007 personal anecdotes/appeals to emotion, discuss those. For each example below, we also show you how you can use the type of evidence to support your thesis across a range of on social prompts. This should prove to you how effective pre-planned examples are. So, without further ado, onto language 2007 essay our list of multipurpose support for critical thinking, any SAT Essay prompt. The most basic way author builds an argument is by supporting claims with evidence . There are many different kinds of evidence author might use to support her/his point, but I'm just going to discuss the two big ones I've seen in language essay the various official SAT Essay prompts that have been released. These two types of critical thinking evidence are Facts and Statistics and ap english language 2007, Anecdotes . Example Type #1: Facts and Statistics. Employing statistics and essay ethics, facts to bolster one's argument is ap english language, one of the most unassailable methods authors can use to build an argument. This argument-building technique is particularly common in essays written about scientific or social studies-related topics, where specific data and facts are readily available. Statistics usually show up in the form of essay on social work specific numbers related to the topic at hand - maybe as percents, or maybe as a way to communicate other data.
Here're a couple of examples of statistics from an ap english language 2007 official SAT essay prompt, Let There Be Dark by selected snobberies Paul Bogard: Example : 8 of 10 children born in the United States will never know a sky dark enough for the Milky Way. Example : In the United States and Western Europe, the amount of light in the sky increases an average of about 6% every year. Factual evidence can also be in the form of non-numerical information. Often, you'll see facts presented with references to language 2007 essay, the research study, survey, expert, or other source from which they're drawn. Here's another example from Let There Be Dark: Example : Already the World Health Organization classifies working the night shift as a probable human carcinogen. Another form of evidence that is often used as an alternative to actual facts or statistics is the anecdote. This type of essay on social work evidence is most often found in ap english language 2007 speeches or other sorts of essay prompts that are written as a personal address to the reader. An anecdote is a short story about a real person or event . When an author discusses own personal experience or personal experience of someone they know or have heard of, that's anecdotal evidence. Here's an snobberies example of (part of) an anecdote from an official SAT essay prompt that was adapted from a foreword by language 2007 former U.S.
President Jimmy Carter: One of the most unforgettable and humbling experiences of our lives occurred on essay the coastal plain. We had hoped to see caribou during our trip, but to our amazement, we witnessed the migration of tens of thousands of caribou with their newborn calves. In a matter of a few minutes, the sweep of tundra before us became flooded with life, with the sounds of grunting animals and clicking hooves filling the air. The dramatic procession of the language, Porcupine caribou herd was a once-in-a-lifetime wildlife spectacle. We understand firsthand why some have described this special birthplace as “America’s Serengeti.” Even though anecdotes aren't statistics or facts, they can be powerful because it’s more relatable/interesting to the reader to read an anecdote than to engineering career, be presented with dry, boring facts.
People tend to 2007, put more faith in experiences if they can personally connect with the essay engineering career, experiences (even though that doesn't actually affect how likely or not a statement is to be true). In the ap english, example above, rather than discussing the statistics that support the creation of wildlife refuges, Jimmy Carter instead uses an anecdote about experiencing the exercises, wonder of nature to ap english, illustrate the plan for clothing, same point - probably more effectively. By inviting the reader to experience vicariously the majesty of witnessing the migration of the Porcupine caribou, Carter activates the reader's empathy towards wildlife preservation and so makes it more likely that the reader will agree with him that wildlife refuges are important. All authors use reasoning to some extent, but it’s not always a major part of how the language 2007, author builds her/his argument. It's not always enough just to for clothing company, throw out support for ap english language 2007 essay, a claim – an author may choose to use reasoning to explain how the evidence presented actually builds the argument. Example Type #3: Counterarguments and Counterclaims. One way in which an author might use reasoning to persuade the reader to accept the engaged anthropology research essays, claim being put forward is to discuss a counterargument, or counterclaim, to the author's main point. The discussion (and subsequent neutralization) of counterarguments is found in prompts across all subject areas. A counterargument or counterclaim is essay, simply another point of view that contradicts (either fully or partially) the author's own argument. When some might claim, however, or other contrast words and phrases show up in an essay prompt, the author is likely presenting a counterclaim. Here's an example of an effective presentation (and negation) of a counter claim from an official SAT essay prompt, The Digital Parent Trap by Eliana Dockterman: “You could say some computer games develop creativity,” says Lucy Wurtz, an administrator at the Waldorf School in Los Altos, Calif., minutes from Silicon Valley. “But I don’t see any benefit.
Waldorf kids knit and build things and paint—a lot of really practical and creative endeavors.” But it’s not that simple. While there are dangers inherent in access to Facebook, new research suggests that social-networking sites also offer unprecedented learning opportunities. So how does bringing up an opposing point of view help an author build her argument? It may seem counterintuitive that discussing a counterargument actually strengthens the main argument. However, as you can see in the brief example above, giving some space to another point of view serves to make it seem as if the discussion’s going to be more “fair.” This is still true whether the essay, author delves into language 2007 essay the counterargument or if the author only briefly mentions an opposing point of selected view before moving on. But a true discussion of the counterargument , as is present in Dockterman's article, also shows a deeper understanding of the topic than if the article only presented a one-sided argument . And because it demonstrates that the author knows the topic well enough to be able to see the ap english language essay, issue from multiple sides, it means that the engaged, reader is more likely to trust that the author's claims are well-thought out and ap english language 2007, worth believing. In the case of the Dockterman article, the author not only mentions the opposite point of view but also takes the time to get a quote from someone who supports the opposing viewpoint. This even-handedness makes her following claim that it's not that simple more believable, since she doesn't appear to be presenting a one-sided argument.
Example Type #4: Explanation of Evidence. In some cases, the clarity with which the author links her evidence and her claims is integral to the author's argument. As the College Board Official SAT Study Guide says, Reasoning is the connective tissue that holds an critical for nurses argument together. It’s the “thinking” — the logic, the analysis — that develops the argument and ties the claim and evidence together. This is one of the trickier argument-building techniques to ap english, discuss (at least in my opinion), because while it is present in many essay prompts, it isn't always a major persuasive feature.
You can pretty easily identify an author's explanation of evidence if the thinking, author connects claims to support and explains it , rather than just throwing out language 2007 essay evidence without much ceremony or linking to the claim; however, whether or not the explanation of the evidence is a major contributing factor to the author's argument is somewhat subjective. Here's a pretty clear instance of a case where an author uses explanations of each piece of evidence she discusses to logically advance her argument (again from the Dockterman passage): And at on social MIT’s Education Arcade, playing the empire-building game Civilization piqued students’ interest in history and was directly linked to an improvement in the quality of their history-class reports. Unfortunately, the explanation the Official SAT Study Guide gives for how to discuss an author's reasoning is ap english language 2007, a little vague: You may decide to discuss how the author uses (or fails to use) clear, logical reasoning to draw a connection between a claim and the evidence supporting that claim. But how exactly you should go about doing this? And wh y is it persuasive to clearly explain the link between evidence and claim? In general, when an author explains the logic behind her argument or point, the reader can follow along and on the book thief, understand the ap english language 2007 essay, author’s argument better (which in essay selected snobberies some cases makes it more likely the reader will agree with the author).
In the Dockterman example above, the author clearly lays out data ( Civilization leads to improvements in history class), a claim (this is because of engagement with the game and thus the subject material), provides data that back up that claim (retention rate skyrockets when students do things for themselves), and links that smaller claim to a larger concept (actively browsing pages on a computer or tablet is way more brain-stimulating than vegging out in language 2007 front of the TV). This clear pattern of business for clothing data-explanation-more data-more explanation enables the reader to follow along with Dockterman's points. Ap English Language 2007 Essay! It's more persuasive because, rather than just being told Civilization leads to improvements in history and having to career, take it on faith, the reader is forced to reenact the thinking processes that led to the argument, engaging with the topic on a deeper level. Examples of language Stylistic/Persuasive Elements. This final category of examples is the essay selected snobberies, top layer of argument building. The foundation of a good argument is evidence, which is often explained and elucidated by reasoning, but it is often the addition of stylistic or persuasive elements like an ironic tone or a rhetorical flourish that seals the deal. Vivid language is truly the icing on the persuasive cake. As with explanations of evidence, vivid language can be found across all topics of essay prompts (although they usually play a larger role when the passage is light on facts or logic). Vivid language is pretty easy to spot - it shows itself in similes, metaphors, adjectives, or any words that jump out at ap english language 2007 essay you that don’t seem to work ethics, have purely functional purposes . Ap English Language! Here are a couple of examples - the first is Paul Bogard again: …show that what was a very dark country as recently as the thinking, 1950s is 2007 essay, now nearly covered with a blanket of light.
This example is relatively restrained, using the metaphor of a blanket of light to add emphasis to Bogard's discussion of light pollution. A more striking example can be found in another official SAT essay prompt, adapted from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech Beyond Vietnam - A Time To Break Silence: Vietnam continued to draw men and skills and money like some demonic destructive suction tube. Vivid language is an essay selected effective argument building device because it puts the reader in the author’s shoes and draws them into the passage . If used in moderation, vivid language will also make the topic more interesting for language 2007 essay, the reader to read, thus engaging them further. Plan Company! In the excerpt taken from Martin Luther King Jr.'s speech above, the phrase demonic destructive suction tube is startling and essay, provocative, meant to rouse the audience's indignation at the injustice and waste of the Vietnam war. If King had left out the business plan, second part of the sentence and only said, Vietnam continued to draw men and skills and money, his point would not have had as big of an impact. Example Type #6: Direct Addresses and Appeals to language 2007 essay, the Reader. The last category I'll be discussing in this article are direct addresses and appeals to for clothing, the reader. These stylistic elements are found across all sorts of different passage topics, although as with the previous category, these elements usually play a larger role when the passage is light on facts or logic.
Direct addresses and appeals to the reader are wordings or other stylistic devices specifically designed to provoke a response (often emotional) in the reader . This category covers many different elements, from appeals to emotion to rhetorical questions. Here's an language 2007 example of an appeal to emotion, taken again from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech: Perhaps a more tragic recognition of reality took place when it became clear to me that the war was doing far more than devastating the hopes of the engaged anthropology essays, poor at home. It was sending their sons and their brothers and their husbands to fight and to die in extraordinarily high proportions relative to the rest of the population. And here's an example of a rhetorical question (from the ap english 2007, Paul Bogard article): Who knows what this vision of the essay engineering, night sky might inspire in each of us, in our children or grandchildren? Appealing to language 2007, the emotions , as Martin Luther King, Jr. does in his speech, is an alternate route to persuasion, as it causes readers to emotionally (rather than logically) agree with the author . By describing how the war was causing their sons and their brothers and their husbands to fight and die, King reminds the reader of the terrible costs of war, playing upon business company their emotions to get them to agree that the Vietnam War is a mistake, particularly for the poor. Rhetorical questions , on the other hand, get the readers to ap english language 2007 essay, step into the author's world. By reading and thinking about the author's question, the reader engages with the topic on a deeper level than if the reader were just given a statement of business plan company what the author thinks . In the case of the ap english language 2007, Bogard example above, the rhetorical question draws the reader into thinking about his/her descendants, a group of business plan for clothing company people for whom the reader (presumably) only wishes the best, which then puts the reader into a positive mood (assuming the reader likes his/her descendants). As you can see, these examples of language 2007 different argumentative techniques can be extracted from a lot of different article types for a wide range of essay topics . This is because the examples themselves are so meaningful and language 2007 essay, complex that they can be used to discuss a lot of issues.
The main point is, you don't have to wait until you see the prompt to develop an arsenal of types of argument-building techniques you can use to support your points. Instead, preparing beforehand how you’ll discuss these techniques will save you a lot of plan time and anxiety when the test rolls around . If you're reading this article, you probably want to ap english language 2007, excel on the SAT essay. We've written a bunch of detailed guides to make sure you do. Took the critical exercises, old SAT and not sure how the new essay compares to language, the old? Start with our article about essay what’s changed with the language 2007, new SAT essay, then investigate the research, SAT essay rubric for further edification. Want to score a perfect SAT score? Check out our guide on how to score a perfect SAT score, written by our resident perfect scorer. How happy would you be with adding an extra 160 SAT points to your score ? If it's a lot, check out our guide to how you should study to improve your SAT score by 160 points:
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